Speaking and Communicating - Language and Literacy: Ages 3-5
Widely Held Expectations
- Child communicates needs, wants or thoughts through words, gestures, actions, or expressions
- Uses sentences that include two or more separate ideas
- Initiates interactions with adults and peers
- Child communicates for a variety of purposes
- Attempts to solve problems with other children independently by communicating with them
- Greets adults and peers
- Child uses English or native language to share feelings and express ideas
- Child uses new vocabulary that has been introduced
Learning in Action: Examples
- Speaks clearly enough, or uses alternative communication methods, to be understood by others
- Asks questions to acquire more information
- Uses “please,” “thank you,” and “excuse me,” although often needs reminders
- Uses language for a variety of purposes (role playing, rhyming, using props, describing feelings, telling jokes, conversing, etc.)
- Uses alternate modes of communication when needed (sign language, gestures, etc.)
- Builds on children’s interests to introduce new vocabulary and ideas
- Asks open-ended questions throughout the day (questions that require more than a one-word answer)
- Provides opportunities for children to engage in turn taking and dialogue in conversation
The Environment Includes
- A variety of activity centers that encourage children to interact and communicate with adults and peers
- Props, books, materials and manipulatives for telling and retelling events and stories, etc.
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