How Does Temperament Influence Attachment?
It would be convenient to believe that children with secure attachments are actually children with easy temperaments and children with insecure attachments have difficult temperaments (see Karen, 1998). Temperament certainly influences how easy or difficult a particular baby is to care for and can make an enormous difference in the way a parent or caregiver responds to the child. But researchers have found clear evidence that attachment doesn't depend on temperament. When mothers learn sensitive ways to parent (van den Boom, 1994, 1995) and when caregivers have solid social support (Crockenberg, 1981; Jacobson and Frye, 1991), babies with a difficult temperament are far more likely to become securely attached. A meta-analysis has even concluded that disorganized attachment is not the consequence of a difficult temperament. However, in the end it seems evident that both temperament and attachment play crucial roles in challenging behavior.
© ______ 2009, Merrill, an imprint of Pearson Education Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved. The reproduction, duplication, or distribution of this material by any means including but not limited to email and blogs is strictly prohibited without the explicit permission of the publisher.
Add your own comment
- Kindergarten Sight Words List
- The Five Warning Signs of Asperger's Syndrome
- First Grade Sight Words List
- Graduation Inspiration: Top 10 Graduation Quotes
- 10 Fun Activities for Children with Autism
- What Makes a School Effective?
- Child Development Theories
- Should Your Child Be Held Back a Grade? Know Your Rights
- Why is Play Important? Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Creative Development
- Smart Parenting During and After Divorce: Introducing Your Child to Your New Partner