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# Social Studies Exam Tips and Strategies: GED Test Prep (page 5)

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Updated on Jul 5, 2011

Exercise 1

3. The trend of world energy consumption is increasing. You can answer this question by simply observing that the numbers in the right-hand column are increasing.
4. The period between 2000 and 2005—consumption increased by 57 quadrillion Btu. The years in the left-hand column are divided by five-year increments (except one). To answer this question, find the greatest difference between each of the first eight rows in the right-hand column.
5. About three times, from 207 to 612 quadrillion Btu. Divide the quantity predicted for the year 2020 by the quantity consumed in 1970.

Exercise 2

1. The trend was increasing. Even though the graph plots small rises and falls in immigration, between 1950 and 1990 the plotted line increases overall.
2. Between the years 1930 and 1950—the line graph shows a "valley" where immigration rates decreased in these decades.
3. The year 1991 is the highest "peak" on the graph.

Exercise 3

1. 44%
2. individual income taxes
3. Social Security
4. 19% to the Medicare and Medicaid programs

Exercise 4

1. Percent Change in Population for U.S. States: 1990 to 1999
2. black—highest gain; dark gray—average gain; medium gray—smallest gain; and light gray—loss
3. between 9.7% and 16.8%
5. North Dakota, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Washington, D.C.

Exercise 5

1. The correct choice is c. By exaggerating the power and force of the U.S. aircraft, the cartoonist suggests that the United States is developing its military force while at the same time demanding that other nations (Iraq, in this case) halt any efforts to do the same. The cartoonist uses the symbol of the American flag to show that the fighter plane belongs to the United States, and he uses the initial "W" to convey that its pilot is President George W. Bush.

Exercise 6

1. The correct answer is c. This is the only choice supported by the caption and photo. The photo contradicts choice a—clearly, laws did not protect children from working as late as midnight. The photo does not support choice b—the image does not express a positive opinion about child labor. Choice d is true—the Progressives did seek to heighten awareness about working children, but the photo does not supply evidence of their involvement. Choice e represents an opinion.