#### Kindergarten

Matches/sorts/names objects by size, color and shape; recites and recognizes numbers 1-20; one-to-one correspondence; counts/adds up to nine objects; knows addition/subtraction facts to six; evaluates objects by quantity, dimensions, size (e.g., more/less, longer/shorter, tall/tallest, bigger/same); writes numbers 1-10; understands concepts of addition and subtraction; knows symbols +, -, =; recognizes whole vs. half; understands ordinals (first, 5th); learns beginning concepts of weight, time (e.g., before/after; understands lunch is at 12:00; tells time to the hour), money (knows value of pennies, nickels, dimes), and temperature (hotter/colder); aware of locations (e.g., above/below, left/right, nearest/farthest); interprets simple maps, graphs and tallies.

Counts/reads/writes/orders numbers to 99; begins learning addition and subtraction facts to 20; performs simple addition/subtraction problems (e.g., 23 + 11); understands multiplication as repeated addition; counts by 2s, 5s and 10s; identifies odd/even numbers; estimates answers; understands 1/2, 1/3, 1/4; gains elementary knowledge of calendar (e.g., counts how many days to birthday), time (tells time to half hour; understands schedules; reads digital clock), measurement (cup, pint, quart, liter, inch, cm, kg, Ib), and money (knows value of quarter; compares prices); solves simple number story problems; reads bar graphs and charts.

Identifies/writes numbers to 999; Adds/subtracts two and three digit numbers with and without regrouping (e.g., 223 + 88, 124 - 16); multiplies by 2,3,4, 5; counts by 3s, 100s; reads/writes Roman numerals to XII; counts money and makes change up to \$10.00; recognizes days of the week, months, and seasons of the year on a calendar; tells time to five minutes on a clock with hands; learns basic measurements (inch, foot, pint, pound); recognizes equivalents (e.g., two quarters; one half; four quarts; one gallon); divides area into 2/3, 3/4, 10ths; graphs simple data

Understands place value to thousands; adds and subtracts four digit numbers (e.g., 1,017 - 978); learns multiplication facts to 9 x 9; solves simple multiplication and division problems (642 x or ÷ 2); relates division to repeated subtractions; counts by 4s, 1000s; learns harder Roman numerals; introduction to fractions (adds/estimates/orders simple fractions; understands mixed numbers; reads fractions of an inch) and geometry (identifies hexagon, pentagon); understands diameter, radius, volume, area; understands decimals; begins to learn about negative numbers, probability, percentage, ratio; solves harder number story problems