Useful Morphemes in Vocabulary Development
The table below lists useful morphemes in vocabulary development. The morphemes are organized according to families having common meanings.
|Prefix and Suffix family or type||Meaning||Instructional Vocabulary Example Words|
|1. "Not" prefix family||un, dis, in, im= not||disloyal, unaware, invisible, imperfect|
|2. "Before," "During," and "after" prefix family||
mid= during or middle
|prejudge, midtown, postgame|
|3. Excess prefix family||
out = better or more than
over = too much or many
super= more, better, or higher
|outlive, overflow, superhuman|
|4. Number prefix family||
uni, mono= one
semi= part, half, or occurring twice
|uniform, monofilament, bicolor, semiarid|
|5. Prefix re||re= again or back||recharge, rehire|
|6. "State or quality of" suffix family||ship, ness, ment= state or quality of||friendship, loneliness, excitement|
|7. Suffix ward||ward= in the direction of||skyward, northward|
|8. Suffix ful||ful= full of or characterized by||merciful, helpful|
Source: Baumann, J.F., Boland, E.M., Olejnik, S., & Kame'enui, E.J. (2003). Vocabulary tricks: Effects of instruction in morphology and context on fifth-grade students' ability to derive and infer word meanings. American Educational Research Journal, 40(2), 447-494.
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