Grammar Lesson: Verbal Phrase Review (page 2)
Activity 1- Verbal Phrase Review
Underline the verbal phrase in each sentence. Then, in the space before the sentence, indicate if the phrase is a participial (P), gerund (G), or infinitive (I) phrase.
- ____ The teacher helping the English 11 students is Mr. Pryal.
- ____ The emcee wanted to introduce the contestants.
- ____ To learn the Greek alphabet was the young scholar's goal.
- ____ Participating in the Indy 500 this year was fun for the veteran driver.
- ____ These primary-grade students enjoy drawing on the board.
- ____ Skateboarding most of the morning, Jason did not tire easily.
- ____ This speaker is the one to watch.
- ____ Knowing how to get back to its nest, the oriole started onhis journey.
- ____ Watching the bathers swim occupied the man's time this morning.
- ____ A man recognizing his mistakes should correct them.
- ____ Running after his kite was a chore for the little boy.
- ____ Talking on the cell phone was a distraction for the motorist.
- ____ She ran across the crowded city street to catch the taxi.
- ____ The crossword puzzle contest held in New York City was well attended again last year.
- ____ One day Marcellino hopes to win his town's art contest.
Activity 2- Matching The Phrases In Context
Match the underlined, numbered phrase in each selection with its name and code found in the box. The same code letters will be used in both selections. Each letter is used only once in each selection. All letters are used in both selections.
Driving the golf ball more than two hundred yards (1), Phil wanted to do the same on the next hole (2) in this tournament (3). He had played (4) well last week here at Green Valley Golf Course, but he wanted today to be special (5). Putting the ball accurately on these greens (6), a difficult task (7), would take great skill.
Have you ever wanted to visit Ireland (1), the home of many talented writers (2)? Going to a foreign country (3) can be a wonderful opportunity. Many people traveling in tour groups (4) like that the trip has already been planned (5) for them. Others choose to tour by themselves (6). No matter how you go, visiting Ireland is the experience of a lifetime (7).
Activity 3- Showing What You Know About Phrases
Here is a quick activity that allows you to display your skills with phrases. Do your best!
Match the items in Column A with those in Column B. Use each number and letter only once.
|Column A||Column B|
|1. ___ verb phrase||A. a noun or pronoun that is placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it|
|2. ___ adjective phrase||B. a verb form that ends in -ing and functions as a noun|
|3. ___ adverb phrase||C. a prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or a pronoun|
|4. ___ appositive||D. includes at least one main verb and one or more helping verbs|
|5. ___ participial||E. a verb form that functions as an adjective|
|6. ___ infinitive||F. a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb|
|7. ___ gerund||G. a prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb|
Activity 4- Happy in Ten Different Ways
Here are ten tasks to check on your knowledge of various grammar topics that you have covered in class thus far. Every sentence will include the word happy! Write your sentences on a separate sheet of paper.
- Use happy within a prepositional phrase.
- Use happy as an adjective that describes the sentence's subject.
- Use happy as part of a gerund phrase.
- Use happy within a participial phrase.
- Use happy within an infinitive phrase.
- Use happy as part of an appositive phrase.
- Use happy as a predicate adjective.
- Use happy as the subject of a sentence.
- Use happy as part of an adjective phrase.
- Use happy within an adverb phrase.
Activity 5- Writing with Variety
Here is your chance to show how you can use many different types of word and sentence constructions in your writing. Underline each phrase or clause that you use in each sentence. Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.
- Write a sentence that contains an adjective phrase.
- Write a sentence that contains an adverb phrase.
- Write a sentence that starts with a participial phrase.
- Write a sentence that ends with an infinitive phrase.
- Write a sentence that starts with a gerund phrase.
- Write a sentence that includes an appositive phrase.
- Write a sentence that includes an adjective clause.
- Start a sentence with an adverb clause.
- End a sentence with a noun clause.
- Write a sentence that contains two adverb phrases.
Activity 6- Phrases Finale
Write True or False on the line before each statement.
- _____ A prepositional phrase can function as an adjective or an adverb.
- _____ ''Because of'' is not a preposition.
- _____ A gerund phrase can function as a noun.
- _____ The noun or pronoun that generally ends a prepositional phrase is called the object of the preposition.
- _____ A gerund phrase can be removed from the sentence, and the sentence will still make sense.
- _____ ''Called out at third base'' is an example of a gerund phrase.
- _____ ''We went to the dance'' includes a prepositional phrase that functions as an adjective.
- _____ There are three types of verbals—the participle, the gerund, and the infinitive.
- _____ ''The candidate to choose is Juan Ramos'' includes a participial phrase.
- _____ An adjective phrase can include a verb.
- _____ A prepositional phrase acting as an adjective generally follows right after the word it modifies.
- _____ ''To see the beauty of nature'' is an example of an infinitive phrase.
- _____ In the sentence, ''Removing the furniture from the upstairs rooms was not easy,'' the phrase ''Removing the furniture from the upstairs rooms'' is a participial phrase.
- _____ A pronoun can be the object of the preposition.
- _____ The phrase ''of the majority'' is a prepositional phrase.
- Verbal Phrase Review
- P—helping the English 11 students
- I—to introduce the contestants
- I—To learn the Greek alphabet
- G—Participating in the Indy 500 this year
- G—drawing on the board
- P—Skateboarding most of the morning
- I—to watch
- P—Knowing how to get back to its nest
- G—Watching the bathers swim
- P—recognizing his mistakes
- G—Running after his kite
- G—Talking on the cell phone
- I—to catch the taxi
- P—held in New York City
- I—to win his town's art contest
- Matching the Phrases in Context
- Showing What You Know About Phrases
- Happy in Ten Different Ways
(These are possible sentences.)
- We witnessed the parents' joy during the happy event. (prepositional phrase)
- The happy sailing instructor cheered her students on during the regatta. (adjective)
- Staying happy is not that easy for all people. (gerund phrase)
- Happy after the victory, the excited participant hugged her teammates. (participial phrase)
- Steve chose to remain happy even during the most challenging days and nights. (infinitive phrase)
- Joe Burderi, the happy photographer, warmly greeted the students before the shoot. (appositive phrase)
- These merchants were happy while the customers shopped in their stores. (predicate adjective)
- Happy is an adjective. (subject of the sentence)
- The woman with the happy children is Vera's aunt. (adjective phrase)
- The hostess was in a happy mood during the show's taping. (adverb phrase)
- Writing with Variety
(These are possible answers.)
- The dolphin in the larger pool amazed the children with his antics.
- The dolphin was in the larger pool.
- Walking across the beach, the fisherman carried his bait and tackle.
- Alex's goal is to memorize the meanings of these fifty words.
- Walking quickly across the beach was fun for the physically fit woman.
- Joe DiMaggio, the Yankee Clipper, wore number five for the New York Yankees.
- Four aviators who partook in the discussion answered all of our questions.
- When the librarian ordered the books, she knew they would be big hits with the children.
- Josephine immediately knew that today would be her lucky day.
- In the afternoon John likes to run around the lake.
- Phrases Finale
Sentences 1, 3, 4, 8, 11, 12, 14, and 15 are true statements.
Sentences 2, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, and 13 are not true statements.