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Arithmetic Word Problems Study Guide for McGraw-Hill's ASVAB

If Stuart is 5 feet 10 inches tall, what is his recommended weight?

1. The U.S. Treasury Department spends 3.5 cents to manufacture every quarter. 3.5 cents is what percent of the value of the coin?
1. 3%
2. 7%
3. 12%
4. 14%
2. A person's recommended weight can be calculated using the following formula:
1. 135 lb
2. 155 lb
3. 165 lb
4. 167 lb
3. It takes 200 lb of sugar cane to produce 5 lb of refined sugar. How many pounds of sugar cane does it take to produce 200 lb of refined sugar?
1. 2500 lb
2. 7500 lb
3. 7700 lb
4. 8000 lb
4. Rudy is training for a race. On Monday he ran 2 km. On Tuesday he ran 15% farther than on Monday. If he increases his running distance by the same percentage each day, on which day will he first run more than 4 km?
1. Wednesday
2. Thursday
3. Friday
4. Saturday
5. Julie's salary is \$600 per month, but after taxes and insurance are deducted, her monthly paycheck is \$444. What percent of her monthly salary goes for taxes and insurance?
1. 15%
2. 26%
3. 33%
4. 34%
6. Keisha worked 75 hours during July at a pay rate of \$12.50/hour. What were her total earnings for the month before taxes and insurance were deducted?
1. \$447.50
2. \$937.50
3. \$1447.50
4. \$1667.50
7. Debbie is walking to raise money for her favorite charity. She is being sponsored by Sally at 10 cents per mile, by Lucie at 12 cents per mile, and by Kelsey at 14 cents per mile. If she walks 8 miles, how much money will she raise?
1. \$2.88
2. \$3.12
3. \$5.25
4. \$10.75
8. Mark has saved 150 quarters in a jar. Of that total, 25 were minted before 1970, 35 were minted between 1970 and 1980, and the remaining quarters were minted after 1980. If Mark picks a quarter out of the jar without looking, what is the probability that he will pick a quarter minted after 1980?
1. 3:5
2. 1:2
3. 7:8
4. 9:5
9. The bar graph shows the results of a survey asking workers in a company to tell what means of transportation they use to get to work. Based on the graph, what percent of all the workers surveyed said that they take the bus to work?
1. 16%
2. 20%
3. 31%
4. 35%
10. Jennifer was elected state senator with 60% of the vote. Which of the following represents that percent as a fraction in simplest form?
11. Samuel's current salary is \$30,000. He has been promised a raise to \$31,500 next year. His raise will be what percent increase over his current salary?
1. 3%
2. 3.5%
3. 4%
4. 5%
12. Phillip deposited \$450 in an account that earns 5% interest, compounded yearly. If he makes no further deposits, how much will be in the account after 2 years?
1. \$472.50
2. \$491.14
3. \$496.13
4. \$512.24
13. If Kevin saves \$4.75 per week, how many weeks will it take him to save \$266?
1. 27
2. 34
3. 51
4. 56
14. If an airplane flies at an average speed of 320 miles per hour, how long will it take to fly 1,200 miles?
1. 2.50 hours
2. 3.25 hours
3. 3.75 hours
4. 4.5 hours
15. What is the difference between 2 meters and 180 centimeters?
1. 2 cm
2. 12 cm
3. 18 cm
4. 20 cm