Writing Traits Matrix
The table below lists the writing traits matrix of the developmental phases in second language writing at three different levels: beginning, intermediate, and advanced.
|Trait||Beginning Level||Intermediate Level||Advanced Level|
|Fluency||Writes one or two sentences.||Writes several sentences.||Writes a paragraph or more.|
|Organization||Lacks logical sequence or so short that organization presents no problem.||Somewhat sequenced.||Follows standard organization for genre.|
|Grammar||Basic word order problems. Uses only present tense forms.||Minor grammatical errors, such as -s on verbs in third person singular.||Grammar resembles that of native speaker of same age.|
|Vocabulary||Limited vocabulary. Needs to rely at times on first language or ask for translation.||Knows most words needed to express ideas, but lacks vocabulary for finer shades of meaning.||Flexible in word choice; similar to good native writer of same age.|
|Genre||Does not differentiate form to suit purpose.||Chooses form to suit purpose, but limited in choices of expository forms.||Knows several genres; makes appropriate choices. Similar to effective native writers of same age.|
|Sentence Variety||Uses one or two sentence patterns.||Uses several sentence patterns.||Uses a good variety of sentence patterns effectively.|
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