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What Happens When We Mix Acid with Base Solutions?

based on 4 ratings
Author: Sofia PC

Grade Level: 6th - 8th; Type: Chemistry

Objective:

Discover whether mixing solutions of equal distances from neutral pH (7) will create a solution close to pH 7. If not, what happens to the pH level of these solutions once they are mixed?

Research Questions:

  • How can you definite an acid? A base?
  • What are some other acids and bases you found around the house?
  • Why is pH important to life?

pH is the way to measure how acidic or basic a solution is. The scale ranges from 0-14, with 0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most basic. 7 is neutral- it is neither basic nor acidic and stands for distilled water. An example of an acidic solution would be any kind of citrus juice and an example of a basic solution would be baking soda or soap.

Materials:

  • Milk
  • Egg whites
  • Rainwater
  • Baking Soda
  • Tums Antacid
  • Soda
  • Ammonia
  • Vinegar
  • pH paper
  • A few glass beakers or containers
  • A medicine dropper
  • Water

Experimental Procedure:

  1. Before mixing anything together, dip a piece of pH paper inside each solution to check the pH of each.
  2. Take medicine dropper and draw up 10 drops of milk and 10 drops of liquidy egg whites. Be sure to rinse the dropper in between solutions if you are using only one to prevent contamination.
  3. Mix these solutions together well.
  4. Take a piece of pH paper and dip it in the mixture. Record the color.
  5. Now take the medicine dropper and repeat steps 1-3 but with these combinations: Rainwater & baking soda; Tums Antacid & soda; Ammonia & vinegar
  6. Access whether any of the above combinations create a mixture of a pH of 7 of which is the closest to it. If it did does that necessarily mean it is water?

Suggested Chart

Separated

Color Shown on pH Paper

Equivalent pH Value

Milk

 

 

Egg Whites

 

 

Rainwater

 

 

Baking Soda

 

 

Tums

 

 

Soda

 

 

Ammonia

 

 

Vinegar

 

 

 

Mixed

Color Shown on pH Paper

Equivalent pH Value

Milk + Egg Whites

 

 

Rainwater + Baking Soda

 

 

Tums + Soda

 

 

Ammonia & Vinegar

 

 

 

Terms/Concepts: pH scale;  acidity and basicity

References:

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