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Running Memory

based on 21 ratings
Author: Sharon Cooper
Type

Social Science/Biology/Neuroscience

Grade

Middle School/High School

Difficulty of Project

Medium

Cost

$0-$10

Safety Issues

None

Material Availability

Easily available!

Approximate Time Required to Complete the Project

At least a day.

 

Objective

To understand whether memory can be improved by doing physical activity 

Materials

  • A track or a treadmill
  • Weights (or you can use two textbooks of equal weight)
  • A list of items 

Introduction

Studies have shown that physical activity can help improve memory as one grows older. However, does physical activity also help one memorize a list of items for an exam or paper? Since different sorts of physical activities have different effects on the body, which type of physical activity most improves memory? 

Research Questions
  • Does physical activity help improve memory?
  • What kinds of physical activity improve memory the most? 
Terms, Concepts and Questions to Start Background Research
  • How does memory work?
  • What kinds of physical activity are there, and how do they differ?
  • How do tests of a similar nature that are performed on the elderly compare with this test, which will probably focus on younger individuals? 

Experimental Procedure

  1. Find a group of people who are willing to participate in this experiment.
  2. Divide this group into four groups of equal size. a. The first group will memorize the list while sitting. b. The second group will memorize the list while running, either around a track or on a treadmill. c. The third group will memorize the list while lifting weights. d. The fourth group will memorize the list while doing various different stretches (make sure you go over these stretches with the person first, or that a list of stretches is readily available).
  3. Create a list of items that is random enough that it would be difficult to memorize. A list of numbers would work as well.
  4. Give the participants the list, along with the instructions of how they are to memorize it. Give each participant the same amount of time to memorize the list while engaging in their physical activity.
  5. Test the participants on their knowledge of the list. a. You do not need a time limit, unless you desire one. b. See how many items the participant can remember. c. Did the participant memorize them in order?

Bibliography

Lupu, Alexandra. Physical Activity Also Exercises the Brain. Softpedia. Aug 14, 2006. http://news.softpedia.com/news/Physical-Activity-Also-Exercises-the-Brain-32791.shtml

Ruscheweyh, R; Willemer, C; Krüger, K; Duning, T; Warnecke, T; Sommer, J; Völker, K; Ho, HV; Mooren, F; Knecht, S; Flöel, A. Physical Activity and memory functions: an Interventional Study. PubMed.gov. Aug 27, 2009. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19716631

Thomas, Jerry R; Nelson, Jack K; Silverman, Stephen J. Research Methods in Physical Activity. Human Kinetics, Illinois: 2005.

 

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