The Impact of Distance on the Doppler Effect (page 2)
- State the problem you are going to investigate in this science fair project.
- Create and reproduce the subject response sheets and the summary data sheets you will use to record your observations.
- Recruit ten of your classmates to serve as subjects for this experiment. Acquaint them with their role will be. Explain that they will be blindfolded and will placed in three situations in which they will listen to sound s being made by a battery-operated electric razor and will be asked to describe how the sound actually sounds in the process. Do not ask does it get louder or softer and remain the same. That would be a giveaway. Just ask for a description of what they hear. They are free to add any other comments in each of the three cases
- Conduct this experiment in two shifts of 5 subjects a t a time. Place the subjects in seats arranged in a line equidistant from where you will start. Provide the subjects with their response sheet and a pencil. Explain that they will listen to three sound s from varying distances and that after listening to each of the three sounds they will be instructed to remove their blindfolds and record what they heard, namely they were to contrast the sounds, how were the sounds different if indeed they were.
- Have the student put on their blindfolds and alert them to listen. Tell them that this is the first sound. Start at a location very close to the subjects, turn on the electric razor. Do not move. Stand there for one minute with the shaver running. Then turn it off.
- Now, starting from where you are, announce that this is the second sound. Turn on the electric razor, and walk very slowly to the back of the room. You should be walking the distance of at least 40 feet. If the room is too small continue walking into the hall. Return and announce that the next sound is the third sound. Now turn on the electric razor again and this time start moving from the back of the room very slowly back to your subjects stopping directly in front of them. When you get directly to the front, turn off the razor.
- Direct the subjects to remove the blindfolds and record their results.
- Collect their reports and record the data on your chart. Remind the subjects that they are not to share their results with the next group of subjects.
- Repeat the same procedure with the next five subjects Add this data to your chart. Analyze the charted data and formulate your conclusions.
- Prepare your report and include all of the following: a clear statement of the problem, your hypothesis, namely what did you predict would occur. Include a list of the materials used. Include the safety precautions taken. Describe the procedures used. Include all the data that were gathered. Include all charts. Explain the purpose of the control. Formulate your conclusions. For dramatic value, you may include photos of the materials used or of you in the process of conducting this investigation. You may wish to create a power point presentation of this experiment to share with the total class. Include a bibliography of sources you used. You may wish to assess what you did and describe what you would do differently if you were to do this project again.
- Alexander Taffel, Ph.D. Physics, Its Methods and Meaning
- Paul W. Zitzewitz,Ph.D. Physics, Principles and Problems
Warning is hereby given that not all Project Ideas are appropriate for all individuals or in all circumstances. Implementation of any Science Project Idea should be undertaken only in appropriate settings and with appropriate parental or other supervision. Reading and following the safety precautions of all materials used in a project is the sole responsibility of each individual. For further information, consult your state’s handbook of Science Safety.