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Shout It Out!

based on 24 ratings
Author: Nancy Rogers Bosse
Type

Chemistry, Consumer Science

Grade
3rd – 5th grades 
Difficulty of Project
Medium 
Cost

Less than $20.00 

Safety Issues
None 
Material Availability

Small boxes of laundry detergents can be purchased at some Laundromats. 

Approximate Time Required to Complete the Project

One day to complete the investigation and collect data; one day to prepare the science fair display 

Objective

To determine which laundry detergent is best for cleaning clothes. 

Materials and Equipment

  • White cotton T-shirt (new)
  • Scissors
  • Chocolate syrup
  • Ketchup
  • Grape juice
  • Measuring spoons
  • 3 different brands of laundry detergents
  • Washing machine
  • Dryer 

Background Information

Laundry detergents often market claims of amazing cleaning abilities. Laundry detergents contain surfactants that remove soil. Detergents are available in powder and liquid forms. Liquids work best on oily soils and for pretreating soils and stains. Powders are especialy effective in lifting out clay and ground-in dirt. 

In this experiment, three different brands of laundry detergents are put to the test. 

Terms, Concepts, and Questions to Start Background Research

Terms

detergent: product used for laundering clothes 

surfactant: ingredient in laundry detergents which removes soil 

builder: ingredient in laundry detergents that helps the surfactants remove soil by inactivating water hardness minerals  

Concepts

Detergents contain surfactants and builders that work together to clean soil out of clothing. 

Research Questions
  • What ingredients are in laundry detergents?
  • Is there a difference between the ingredients of different brands of laundry detergents?
  • Do powder and liquid detergents clean differently?
  • Do different brands of laundry detergents clean differently? 

Experimental Procedure

  1. Gather the necessary materials.
  2. Cut the new white T-shirt into twelve 2 x 4-inch strips.
  3. Stain four T-shirt strips with 1 teaspoon of ketchup, four T-shirt strips with 1 teaspoon of chocolate syrup, and for T-shirt strips with 1 teaspoon of grape juice. Allow the stains to set overnight. 
  4. Set aside one of each of the three stained strips to use for comparison. This set of strips will be the control group and will not be washed.
  5. Machine wash in hot water one of each of the three stains in ¼ cup of one of the detergents. Dry the strips.
  6. Compare the washed stains to the control stains. Rate the stain removable ability of the detergent with the numbers 1 – 5. Record the results. 

1 = stain unchanged

2 = stain slightly lighter

3 = stain lighter    

4 = stain significantly lighter (almost gone)            

5 = stain completely removed

  1. Repeat Steps 4 – 5 with the other detergents.  

Bibliography

Articles

“Facts About Laundry” at www.cleaning101.com 

“Laundry Detergent Ingredients: Surfactants” by Mary Marlowe Leverette at About.com 

Websites

 

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