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Blindfolded Taste Test

4.3 based on 86 ratings

Updated on Jan 16, 2014

Type
Biology, Anatomy
Grade
4th – 6th grades
Difficulty of Project
Easy
Cost

Less than $10.00

Safety Issues
None
Material Availability

Easily purchased from a grocery store

Approximate Time Required to Complete the Project

One hour to collect the data; one day to prepare the science fair display

Without the sense of smell, can a person distinguish between different tastes?

  • Jellybeans (20 each of4 different flavors)
  • 4 bowls
  • Blindfold

A person’s sense of taste is greatly influence by the sense of smell. Over 70% of what we think we taste actually comes from our sense of smell. Our sense of taste only allows us to distinguish between bitter, salty, sweet, and sour. It is the odor molecules in foods that give us most of our sense of taste. When we eat, odor molecules travel between the mouth and the nose. The odor molecules meet with the olfactory receptor neurons in the nasal cavity and send a message to the brain.

In this investigation, a taste test is tried without the sense of smell.

Terms, Concepts, and Questions to Start Background Research
olfactory receptor neurons: neurons in deep in the nasal cavity that receive and recognize smells

odor molecules: smells released from foods

The sense of smell affects the sense of taste. Our sense of taste can only distinguish between bitter, salty, sweet, and sour.
Research Questions
  • Does the sense of smell affect the sense of taste?
  • Why does the sense of smell affect the sense of taste?

  1. Gather the necessary materials.
  2. Separate the jelly beans by their flavor. Place jelly beans with the same flavor together in a bowl.
  3. Choose 10 subjects for your investigation.
  4. Blindfold a subject and ask them to eat one jelly bean and identify the flavor. Record the results.
  5. Have the blindfolded subject to hold their nose. Again ask them to eat one jelly bean and identify the flavor. Record the results.
  6. Repeat Steps 4 -5 with each of the subjects.

“Your Sense of Smell” at www.yucky.discovery.com

“How does the sense of smell work?” at http://health.howstuffworks.com/question139.htm

“Smell – The Nose Knows” at http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/nosek.html

“Your Nose” at http://kidshealth.org/kid/htbw/nose.html

Nancy Rogers Bosse has been involved in education for over forty years â first as a student, then as a teacher, and currently as a curriculum developer. For the last fifteen years she has combined a career in freelance curriculum development with parenthood â another important facet of education and probably the most challenging. Nancy lives in Henderson, Nevada with husband and their three teenagers.

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