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Spelling and Adjective Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 8, 2011

Synonyms

The following exercise lists vocabulary words from this chapter. Each word is followed by five answer choices. Four of them are synonyms of the vocabulary word in bold. Your task is to choose the one that is NOT a synonym.

  1. feisty
    1. energetic
    2. rambunctious
    3. frisky
    4. touchy
    5. laid-back
  2. demure
    1. prudish
    2. graceful
    3. shy
    4. solemn
    5. modest
  3. dolorous
    1. demure
    2. sorrowful
    3. unpleasant
    4. painful
    5. distressful
  4. flippant
    1. careless
    2. flexible
    3. disrespectful levity
    4. rudely casual
    5. pert
  5. ornate
    1. showy
    2. flowery
    3. epicurean
    4. highly decorated
    5. excessively ornamented
  6. jaunty
    1. dapper
    2. buoyant
    3. self-confident
    4. athletic
    5. stylish
  7. palpable
    1. substantial
    2. touchable
    3. weighable
    4. tangible
    5. sensitive
  8. sardonic
    1. sarcastic
    2. prodigious
    3. cynical
    4. caustic
    5. scornfully mocking
  9. vehement
    1. fervid
    2. passionate
    3. relevant
    4. zealous
    5. forceful
  10. myriad
    1. plenty
    2. numerous
    3. indefinite
    4. countless
    5. oblique

Antonyms

  1. conservative, restrained, reserved, timid
  2. polite, poised, tractable, malleable
  3. respectful, mindful, serious, courteous
  4. joyful, blissful, happy, mirthful
  5. finite, numerical, limited, homogenous
  6. clear, straight, honest, direct
  7. plain, unadorned, modest, simple
  8. irrelevant, disconnected, moot, unrelated
  9. intangible, imperceptible, subtle, untouchable
  10. boastful, uplifting, positive

TIP

When using adjectives, it's important to keep in mind a word's connotation, as different adjectives have different feelings associated with them.

Choosing the Right Word

Circle the word in bold that best completes the sentence.

  1. I found your casual, (flippant, feisty) attitude during the formal ceremony very disrespectful
  2. "Might makes right!" declared the (facetious, imperious) dictator.
  3. It's difficult to know whether you are serious when you are so (facetious, jaunty) with me
  4. It was very (audacious, churlish) to stand up before the crowd and recklessly begin speaking without having prepared at all.
  5. I can't work with you in this professional environment when you are so (extenuating, churlish).
  6. How can you afford your (epicurean, extenuating) tastes; they are so lavish and luxurious!
  7. Can't you forgive me considering the (extenuating, feisty) circumstances?
  8. Did you notice how (dolorous, feisty) she became when the touchy subject came up?
  9. His (oblique, jaunty) answers to my simple questions left me at a loss for understanding.
  10. She became (prodigious, prone) to illness when her immune system began to fail her.

Practice Activities

Go to your favorite magazine and, while reading an article, story, or any considerably lengthy feature, circle all the adjectives (words that describe or qualify nouns) you come across. Take note of the nouns (people, places, things) they describe or qualify, and then ask yourself how the presence of adjectives contributes to the piece in specific cases, and also as a whole.

The next time you write an e-mail or an old-fashioned letter to a friend, see what happens to the quality and character of your prose when you make a point of including carefully selected adjectives, including those you learned in the vocabulary list.

Crossword Puzzle

Choose the word from the vocabulary list that best fits into the crossword puzzle. You can check your answers at the end of the chapter following the answers to the questions.

Adjectives

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