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Agreement - A Matter of Compatibility: Grammar Review Practice Exercises

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Review the lesson for Agreement- A Matter of Compatibility: Grammar Review Study Guide.

Practice Exercises

Practice Exercise: Subject - Verb Agreement

Can you identify the verb that agrees with the sentence subject? Check your answers at the end of the exercises.

  1. Ian and Dawn (live, lives) in Washington.
  2. They (be, are) siblings.
  3. Every summer, their parents (take, takes) them white-water rafting on the Colorado River.
  4. Last year, Ian (got, gets) thrown from the raft into the river.
  5. Luckily, he could (swim, swims) well and was strong enough to (pull, pulls) himself back into the raft.

Practice Exercise: Verb - Indefinite Pronoun Agreement

Identify the verb that will agree with the indefinite pronouns in the following sentences. Then, check your answers at the end of the exercises.

  1. All of the flowers in the vase (were, was) beautiful.
  2. Some of the tourists (were eating, was eating) pizza with cheese and pepperoni.
  3. Yesterday, each of the trains (was, were) on time for once.
  4. It is likely that everyone from the class (are, is) going on the trip to the planetarium.
  5. Both of the pears in the basket (is, are) ripe.

Practice Exercise: Verb Agreement

Identify which verb properly completes each sentence. Then, check your answers at the end of the exercises.

  1. Look! A herd of cows (are, is) crossing the road ahead.
  2. Nan saw schools of colorful fish (swim, swims) around her while she was snorkeling.
  3. A number of geese (has made, have made) their home by the pond in my backyard.
  4. Fifty-two weeks (make, makes) up a year.
  5. Three cups of flour (is, are) needed to make the cake batter.

Practice Exercise: Identify the Correct Verb

See if you can identify the correct verb to complete the following sentences with compound subjects and predicates. Then, check your answers at the end of the exercises.

  1. Alexa and Maya (enjoys, enjoy) camping.
  2. Dolphins and turtles (is, are) Lindsay's favorite animals.
  3. Peanut butter and jelly (was, were) all that we ate for lunch.
  4. Either Richard or Chelsea (plan, plans) to help with the school play.
  5. Neither eggplant nor carrots (is, are) on the menu.

Practice Exercise: Identify the Mistakes

See if you can identify the mistakes in the following sentences. Then, check your answers at the end of the exercises.

  1. Alyssa tried to tie her shoes by himself.
  2. Everybody should fasten their seatbelt before takeoff.
  3. Janice told her mom that she had a stain on her blouse.
  4. There's some ants crawling on the sidewalk.
  5. Each student signed their name to the petition.

Answers

Reminder: (1) Singular subjects must be coupled with singular verbs and, likewise, plural subjects with plural verbs; and (2) do not use the verb be after

  1. Ian and Dawn live in Washington.
  2. They are siblings.
  3. Every summer, their parents take them white-water rafting on the Colorado River.
  4. Last year, Ian got thrown from the raft into the river.
  5. Luckily, he could swim well and was strong enough to pull himself back into the raft.

Reminder: (1) When a subject is followed by a prepositional phrase, look at the subject to determine the verb's form; and (2) when you encounter the indefinite pronouns all, more, none, most, any, and some before a prepositional phrase, use the noun at the end of the prepositional phrase to decide whether to use a singular or plural verb.

  1. All of the flowers in the vase were beautiful.
  2. Some of the tourists were eating pizza with cheese and pepperoni.
  3. Yesterday, each of the trains was on time for once.
  4. It is likely that everyone from the class is going on the trip to the planetarium.
  5. Both of the pears in the basket are ripe.

Reminder: Determine whether the words are referring to a single unit or separate items to determine what type of verb is required. Singular nouns must be coupled with singular verbs, and, likewise, plural nouns with plural verbs.

  1. Look! A herd (singular) of cows is crossing the road ahead.
  2. Nan saw schools (plural) of colorful fish swim around her while she was snorkeling.
  3. A number (singular) of geese have made their home by the pond in my backyard.
  4. Fifty-two weeks (plural) make up a year.
  5. Three cups (plural) of flour are needed to make the cake batter.

Reminder: (1) When the conjunction and is used to join two subject nouns, the verb will be plural; (2) when singular subjects are joined by the conjunctions or or nor, the verb will be singular; and (3) when plural subjects are joined by or or nor, the verb will be plural.

  1. Alexa and Maya enjoy camping.
  2. Dolphins and turtles are Lindsay's favorite animals.
  3. Peanut butter and jelly was all that we ate for lunch.
  4. (Note: Peanut butter and jelly is thought of as a single unit and is, therefore, singular.)

  5. Either Richard or Chelsea plans to help with the school play.
  6. Neither eggplant nor carrots are on the menu.
  7. (Note: Choose the verb that agrees with the subject mentioned last in the sentence.)

Reminder: (1) Pronouns must be compatible in gender, number, and person with their antecedents; (2) indefinite pronouns are considered singular in number and are compatible only with singular pronouns; (3) antecedent-pronoun agreement must be clear to avoid confusion; (4) here's and there's mean here is and there is, and the subject has to be singular.

  1. Alyssa tried to tie her shoes by herself.
  2. Everybody should fasten his or her seatbelt before takeoff.
  3. Janice had a stain on her blouse, and she told her mom.
  4. Janice's mom had a stain on her blouse, and Janice told her.

  5. There's an ant crawling on the sidewalk.
  6. There are some ants crawling on the sidewalk.

  7. Each student signed his or her name to the petition.

 

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