From the Civilization of Africa and Asian to the Ottoman Empire Practice Test
1. The subjects of the Byzantine Empire believed that the emperor was ______________.
A. the direct descendant of God
B. the earthly manifestation of God
C. God’s representative on Earth
D. God’s chief prophet
2. The Holy Roman Empire is best described as _________________ .
A. an absolute monarchy run by a highly efficient, centrally controlled bureaucracy
B. a group of city-states united by a common language, a common religious faith, and a shared cultural heritage
C. a collection of independent principalities and free cities owing allegiance to one titular monarch
D. a constitutional monarchy with an emperor as the head of state and a representative assembly that carried out the will of the people
3. Which best describes the difference between Sunni Islam and Shiite Islam?
A. Shiites are more secular than Sunnis.
B. Shiites are more fundamentalist than Sunnis.
C. Shiites and Sunnis disagree about whether Muhammad was a true prophet.
D. Shiites are more tolerant than Sunnis of non-Muslims.
4. During the reign of Justinian, the Byzantine emperor expanded into all of the following areas except _________________.
A. the Italian peninsula
B. the Iberian peninsula
C. the North African coast
D. the Central Asian steppes
5. The Mayan civilization was characterized by all of these except ________________.
A. an accurate 365¼-day calendar
B. a complex writing system
C. military conquest
D. major public-works projects such as roads
6. The primary cause of the migratory lifestyle of the peoples of the Central Asian steppes was _______________.
A. the lack of plentiful sources of fresh water
B. fear of the Chinese military
C. the demands of their complex religious system
D. their desire to enlarge their empire
7. _________________was more responsible than any other factor for making the Tang Chinese capital of Changan the most magnificent city of its era.
A. The degree of education in the Chinese bureaucracy
B. The volume of international trade
C. The rise of literacy throughout China
D. The development of new printing techniques
8. All of the following led major military assaults against the Byzantine Empire in the seventh century AD except ________________ .
A. the Chinese
B. the Persians
C. the Arabians
D. the Slavs
9. The Ottoman Empire was politically ______________ .
10. The Incan Empire is unique among the vast empires of early civilization because the Incans ________________ .
A. had no army
B. did not read or write
C. did not build cities
D. lacked a complex belief system
11. The establishment of the Abbasid capital in Baghdad led to a major cultural exchange between the Arabs and the _______________ .
12. The political organization of India between the fall of the Gupta Empire and the rise of the Delhi sultanate is best described as ________________ .
A. a centrally controlled state ruled by an autocrat
B. a group of independent warlords fighting for supreme power
C. a theocracy ruled by the large caste of Hindu priests
D. a military dictatorship controlled largely by the national army
13. In the tenth century, the Slav states of Eastern Europe were linked in all these ways except _______________ .
14. In 1500, Turkish peoples ruled all these areas except ________________.
15. The primary natural resource of the kingdom of Ghana that brought it great wealth by 300 BC was ________________.
16. The Crusades happened for all these reasons except _________________.
A. because the Byzantine emperor requested military aid from the pope
B. because the pope was eager to enhance his prestige
C. because the Arabians wanted to convert the Christians to Islam
D. because European Christians were eager to earn forgiveness for their sins
17. The ________________ settled and dominated the regions that eventually became the nations of France and Germany.
18. The Abbasid caliphate expanded as far east as _______________ at its greatest extent.
A. the Yangtze River valley
B. the Ganges River valley
C. the Indus River valley
D. the Nile River valley
19. The Mexican civilization of Teotihuacán is best described as _______________.
A. an independent city-state
B. the capital city of an empire
C. a collection of rival kingdoms
D. a nation comprising several ethnically and linguistically related tribes
20. Many Turks ended up in the Islamic Empire because __________________.
A. they were fleeing religious persecution in their homelands
B. their fighting ability made them desirable in the Arabian armies
C. they repeatedly failed to conquer the Chinese Empire
D. they hoped to establish trading posts in the West
1. C 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. A 9. D 10. B 11. C 12. B 13. C 14. D 15. B 16. C 17. A 18. C 19. A 20. B
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