Assuming Causes and Predicting Effects in Reading Practice Exercises
Read the following study guide for a concept review:
Here is an excerpt from a short story. Read the passage carefully, and then circle the answers of the questions that follow.
Anne sat with her feet up on the couch, drinking a Coke. She heard footsteps by the front door. Brenda was right on time, as usual. Never a minute early or late—for her, everything was very exact.
Anne placed her feet on the floor, reached for the remote and turned off the television. She knew Brenda would demand her complete attention. She knew Brenda would hang up her coat in the closet by the door (third hanger from the left) and then head to the kitchen for her daily inspection (exactly seven steps). She knew this because they had been roommates for six months. Taking a deep breath, she thought about what she would say to Brenda. She waited and watched from her spot on the couch.
A moment later, Brenda stepped into the kitchen and surveyed the scene. Anne watched her expression, watched her eyes focus on the sink, and watched her face harden when she saw the dishes piled high. Looking at the dishes, Brenda said disappointedly, "I don't believe what I'm seeing. I thought we agreed to share the responsibilities. I thought it was your turn to clean the kitchen this week."
"I haven't gotten to them yet," Anne replied. "I've been busy. Relax. I've got all night." She walked into the kitchen and added her empty glass to the top of the pile.
Brenda fumed. "You know I'm having company tonight! Somehow I thought you would have done your share in the kitchen. If we want to remain roommates, things have to change."
The phone rang, and Anne darted to answer it.
Brenda said in the background, "Anne, please tell them to call back, we need to settle this now. I told you I'm having company soon."
Anne ignored Brenda's comment and continued to engage in conversation with a good friend of hers. "Did I ever tell you about the time when…?"
Circle the letter of the correct answer.
- Why does Brenda get angry?
- because Anne is unfriendly
- because she had a bad day at work
- because Anne didn't do the dishes
- because Anne is lazy
- Why didn't Anne do the dishes?
- because she didn't have time to do them
- because she wanted to start a fight
- because she was too lazy
- because she wants Brenda to get a new roommate
- What does Anne do that shows she doesn't intend to shoulder her share of the responsibilities?
- She turns off the television.
- She begins to wash the dishes in the sink.
- She always helps around the house.
- She talks on the phone with a good friend.
Imagine that there has been a robbery in your apartment building. The victim is Mr. Ash, who lives a few doors down the hall. Below are two passages. One is a statement by the building manager, Mr. Billings. The other is a statement from Ms. Wilkins, who lives next door to Mr. Ash. Read their statements carefully and answer the question that follows. Use their statements to predict some effects. What will happen as a result of the robbery?
Mr. Billings (building manager): This is the third robbery this month. Each time, thieves have gotten past building security. Each time, the thieves stole everything in the victim's apartment. Yet each time, the security officers claim they didn't see anything unusual.
Ms. Wilkins (Mr. Ash's neighbor): Well, Mr. Ash is a carefree man. I knock on his door and he hollers, "Come in!" I just push the door open because it's never locked. He often forgets things, too. He forgets where he parked his car or where he put his keys. One time, I found him in the hall searching through his bags. He couldn't find his keys, but it didn't matter; the door was open anyway. And he left it open the day he was robbed. He's really shaken up by this. He says he can't trust anybody anymore.
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