Biological Bases of Behavior Review Questions for AP Psychology

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By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guides for these review questions can be found at:


  1. A neuron without terminal buttons would be unable to
    1. receive information from neighboring neurons
    2. generate an action potential
    3. direct the synthesis of neurotransmitters
    4. secrete neurotransmitters to postsynaptic neurons
    5. transport ions across the cell membrane
  2. Paul Broca found that the loss of the ability to speak intelligibly is associated with damage to a region of the brain in the
    1. thalamus
    2. right parietal lobe
    3. right occipital lobe
    4. left temporal lobe
    5. left frontal lobe
  3. Scientists are able to see changes in the brain as it processes information by means of
    1. lesioning
    2. autopsy
    3. CT
    4. MRI
    5. PET
  4. The simplest behaviors we carry on
    1. are learned when we are infants
    2. do not involve the central nervous system
    3. are called instincts
    4. include sneezing and blinking
    5. must be processed by the medulla
  5. Of the following, the effect of adrenalin on the body is most similar to the effect of the
    1. cerebellum
    2. parathyroids
    3. somatic nervous system
    4. parasympathetic nervous system
    5. sympathetic nervous system
  6. Mr. Jenkins' suffered a "stroke" as a result of a brain injury. Although he can still move the fingers on his right hand, he has lost sensation in these parts. Of the following, the site of damage to his brain is most likely in the
    1. right frontal lobe
    2. right temporal lobe
    3. left frontal lobe
    4. left parietal lobe
    5. hypothalamus
  7. Of the following, which are located exclusively in the central nervous system?
    1. afferent neurons
    2. interneurons
    3. efferent neurons
    4. glial cells
    5. effectors
  8. Which of the following glands interact(s) most directly with all of the others to help regulate body processes?
    1. pituitary
    2. adrenals
    3. parathyroids
    4. thyroid
    5. ovaries
  9. Gunshot wounds, tumors, and strokes all result in
    1. infections
    2. significant loss of function
    3. lesions
    4. pain
    5. necessity for surgery
  10. Which of the following must be males?
    1. dizygotic twins
    2. monozygotic twins
    3. Down syndrome children
    4. Klinefelter's syndrome children
    5. Turner's syndrome children
  11. Which includes all of the others?
    1. autonomic nervous system
    2. peripheral nervous system
    3. somatic nervous system
    4. parasympathetic nervous system
    5. sympathetic nervous system
  12. Which stimulate a muscle to contract?
    1. adrenal hormones
    2. receptors
    3. sensory neurons
    4. motor neurons
    5. interneurons
  13. The part of the brain most closely associated with maintaining balance and the coordination of complex sequences of movements is the
    1. hypothalamus
    2. thalamus
    3. pons
    4. medulla
    5. cerebellum
  14. Loss of the ability of the brain to produce adequate levels of dopamine often leads to
    1. aphasia
    2. Alzheimer's disease
    3. Parkinson's disease
    4. bipolar disorder
    5. amnesia
  15. Which task is primarily a right cerebral hemisphere function in most people?
    1. understanding written language
    2. understanding spoken language
    3. processing visual information from the left eye
    4. recognizing faces
    5. processing sensory information from the right leg
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