Word Logic and Reasoning Practice Set 2

Updated on Aug 10, 2011

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In this set, you will be looking for the essential part of something. Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word. A good way to approach this type of question is to say the following sentence: "A ______ could not exist without ______." Put the underlined word in the first blank. Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.

For questions 1 through 15, find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.

  1. infirmary
    1. surgery
    2. disease
    3. patient
    4. receptionist
  2. facsimile
    1. picture
    2. image
    3. mimeograph
    4. copier
  3. domicile
    1. tenant
    2. dwelling
    3. kitchen
    4. house
  4. culture
    1. civility
    2. education
    3. agriculture
    4. customs
  5. bonus
    1. reward
    2. raise
    3. cash
    4. employer
  6. antique
    1. rarity
    2. artifact
    3. aged
    4. prehistoric
  7. itinerary
    1. map
    2. route
    3. travel
    4. guidebook
  8. orchestra
    1. violin
    2. stage
    3. musician
    4. soloist
  9. knowledge
    1. school
    2. teacher
    3. textbook
    4. learning
  10. dimension
    1. compass
    2. ruler
    3. inch
    4. measure
  11. sustenance
    1. nourishment
    2. water
    3. grains
    4. menu
  12. ovation
    1. outburst
    2. bravo
    3. applause
    4. encore
  13. vertebrate
    1. backbone
    2. reptile
    3. mammal
    4. animal
  14. provisions
    1. groceries
    2. supplies
    3. gear
    4. caterers
  15. purchase
    1. trade
    2. money
    3. bank
    4. acquisition


  1. c. An infirmary is a place that takes care of the infirm, sick, or injured. Without patients, there is no infirmary. Surgery (choice a) may not be required for patients. A disease (choice b) is not necessary because the infirmary may only see patients with injuries. A receptionist (choice d) would be helpful but not essential.
  2. b. A facsimile must involve an image of some sort. The image or facsimile need not, however, be a picture (choice a). A mimeograph and a copier machine (choices cand d) are just a two of the ways that images may be produced, so they do not qualify as the essential element for this item.
  3. b. A domicile is a legal residence, so dwelling is the essential component for this item. You do not need a tenant (choice a) in the domicile, nor do you need a kitchen (choice c). A house (choice d) is just one form of a domicile (which could also be a tent, hogan, van, camper, motor home, apartment, dormitory, etc.).
  4. d. A culture is the behavior pattern of a particular population, so customs are the essential element. A culture may or may not be civil or educated (choices aand b). A culture may be an agricultural society (choice c), but this is not the essential element.
  5. a. A bonus is something given or paid beyond what is usual or expected, so reward is the essential element. A bonus may not involve a raise in pay or cash (choices band c), and it may be received from someone other than an employer (choice d).
  6. c. An antique is something that belongs to, or was made in, an earlier period. It may or may not be a rarity (choice a), and it does not have to be an artifact, an object produced or shaped by human craft (choice b). An antique is old but does not have to be prehistoric (choice d).
  7. b. An itinerary is a proposed route of a journey. A map (choice a) is not necessary to have a planned route. Travel (choice c) is usually the outcome of an itinerary, but not always. A guidebook (choice d) may be used to plan the journey but is not essential.
  8. c. An orchestra is a large group of musicians, so musicians are essential. Although many orchestras have violin sections, violins aren't essential to an orchestra (choice a). Neither a stage (choice b) nor a soloist (choice d) is necessary.
  9. d. Knowledge is understanding gained through experience or study, so learning is the essential element. A school (choice a) is not necessary for learning or knowledge to take place, nor is a teacher or a textbook (choices band c).
  10. d. A dimension is a measure of spatial content. A compass (choice a) and ruler (choice b) may help determine the dimension, but other instruments may also be used, so these are not the essential element here. An inch (choice c) is only one way to determine a dimension.
  11. a. Sustenance is something, especially food, that sustains life or health, so nourishment is the essential element. Water and grains (choices band c) are components of nourishment, but other things can be taken in as well. A menu (choice d) may present a list of foods, but it is not essential to sustenance.
  12. c. An ovation is prolonged, enthusiastic applause, so applause is necessary to an ovation. An outburst (choice a) may take place during an ovation; "bravo" (choice b) may or may not be uttered; and an encore (choice d) would take place after an ovation.
  13. a. All vertebrates have a backbone. Reptiles (choice b) are vertebrates, but so are many other animals. Mammals (choice c) are vertebrates, but so are birds and reptiles. All vertebrates (choice d) are animals, but not all animals are vertebrates.
  14. b. Provisions imply the general supplies needed, so choice bis the essential element. The other choices are byproducts, but they are not essential.
  15. d. A purchase is an acquisition of something. A purchase may be made by trade (choice a) or with money (choice b), so those are not essential elements. A bank (choice c) may or may not be involved in a purchase.
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