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Word Logic and Reasoning Practice Set 1

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Updated on Aug 10, 2011

For more practice on word logic and reasoning, refer to:

In this set, you will be looking for the essential part of something. Each question has an underlined word followed by four answer choices. You will choose the word that is a necessary part of the underlined word. A good way to approach this type of question is to say the following sentence: "A ______ could not exist without ______." Put the underlined word in the first blank. Try each of the answer choices in the second blank to see which choice is most logical.

For questions 1 through 15, find the word that names a necessary part of the underlined word.

  1. book
    1. fiction
    2. pages
    3. pictures
    4. learning
  2. guitar
    1. band
    2. teacher
    3. songs
    4. strings
  3. shoe
    1. sole
    2. leather
    3. laces
    4. walking
  4. respiration
    1. mouth
    2. circulation
    3. oxygen
    4. carbon monoxide
  5. election
    1. president
    2. voter
    3. November
    4. nation
  6. diploma
    1. principal
    2. curriculum
    3. employment
    4. graduation
  7. swimming
    1. pool
    2. bathing suit
    3. water
    4. life jacket
  8. school
    1. student
    2. report card
    3. test
    4. learning
  9. language
    1. tongue
    2. slang
    3. writing
    4. words
  10. desert
    1. cactus
    2. arid
    3. oasis
    4. flat
  11. lightning
    1. electricity
    2. thunder
    3. brightness
    4. rain
  12. monopoly
    1. corrupt
    2. exclusive
    3. rich
    4. gigantic
  13. harvest
    1. autumn
    2. stockpile
    3. tractor
    4. crop
  14. gala
    1. celebration
    2. tuxedo
    3. appetizer
    4. orator
  15. pain
    1. cut
    2. burn
    3. nuisance
    4. hurt

Answers

  1. b. The necessary part of a book is its pages; there is no book without pages. Not all books are fiction (choice a), and not all books have pictures (choice c). Learning (choice d) may or may not take place with a book.
  2. d. A guitar does not exist without strings, so strings are an essential part of a guitar. A band is not necessary to a guitar (choice a). Guitar playing can be learned without a teacher (choice b). Songs are byproducts of a guitar (choice c).
  3. a. All shoes have a sole of some sort. Not all shoes are made of leather (choice b); nor do they all have laces (choice c).Walking (choice d) is not essential to a shoe.
  4. c. A person or animal must take in oxygen for respiration to occur. A mouth (choice a) is not essential because breathing can occur through the nose. Choices b and d are clearly not essential and can be ruled out.
  5. b. An election does not exist without voters. The election of a president (choice a) is a byproduct. Not all elections are held in November (choice c), nor are they nationwide (choice d).
  6. d. A diploma is awarded at graduation, so graduation is essential to obtaining a diploma. Employment may be a byproduct (choice c). A principal and a curriculum (choices a and b) may play a role in the awarding of some diplomas, but they are not essential.
  7. c. Water is essential for swimming—without water, there is no swimming. The other choices are things that may or may not be present.
  8. a. Without students, a school cannot exist; therefore, students are the essential part of schools. The other choices may be related, but they are not essential.
  9. d. Words are a necessary part of language. Slang is not necessary to language (choice b). Not all languages are written (choice c).Words do not have to be spoken in order to be part of a language (choice a).
  10. b. A desert is an arid tract of land. Not all deserts are flat (choice d). Not all deserts have cacti or oases (choices a and c).
  11. a. Lightning is produced from a discharge of electricity, so electricity is essential. Thunder and rain are not essential to the production of lightning (choices b and d). Brightness may be a byproduct of lightning, but it is not essential (choice c).
  12. b. The essential part of a monopoly is that it involves exclusive ownership or control.
  13. d. To harvest something, one must have a crop, which is the essential element for this item. Autumn (choice a) is not the only time crops are harvested. There may not be enough of a crop to stockpile (choice b), and you can harvest crops without a tractor (choice c).
  14. a. A gala indicates a celebration, the necessary element here. A tuxedo (choice b) is not required garb at a gala, nor is an appetizer (choice c). A gala may be held without the benefit of anyone speaking (choice d).
  15. d. Pain is suffering or hurt, so choice d is the essential element. Without hurt, there is no pain. A cut (choice a) or a burn (choice b) may cause pain, but so do many other types of injury. A nuisance (choice c) is an annoyance that may or may not cause pain.
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