The Enlightenment Review Questions for AP European History
By Jeffrey Brautigam, Ph.D. — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- Hobbes and Locke DISAGREED in their belief that
- men are created equal
- men tend to follow their own self-interest
- the natural state of men is one of war
- a government's power comes from the people
- men are often ruled by their passions
- Locke argued that the primary aim of government is
- to guarantee peace by putting the fear of death into its subjects
- to follow and enact the general will of the people
- to provide and protect democracy
- to assure the right to property
- to institute a constitutional monarchy
- Which of the following is NOT true of the philosophes?
- They used their positions as university professors to influence society.
- They aimed to educate the public.
- Their ultimate goal was a society governed by reason.
- They wrote in many different genres.
- They were often guests of and correspondents with the women who hosted salons.
- The economic policy known as Laissez-faire
- advocates protectionist tariffs
- is based on the notion that people have a right to do anything they want
- is based on the notion that human self-interest produces natural laws that govern economic behavior
- argues that the government should act as an "invisible hand" to regulate the economy
- was instituted by enlightened despots
- The religious belief of the majority of the philosophes was
- The style of Enlightenment literature made famous by Voltaire was
- the philosophical treatise
- the satire
- the play
- the pamphlet
- the novel
- Which of the following presented the most radical challenge to the traditional ruling regimes of eighteenth-century Europe?
- Locke's notion that humans are born tabula rasa
- Hobbes's notion that human nature requires a ruler with absolute power
- Beccaria's notion that the goal of a legal system should be the rehabilitation and reintegration of the criminal to society
- the concept of religious toleration
- Rousseau's notion that a lawful government must be continually responsible to the general will of the people
- Which of the following is NOT part of Rousseau's thought?
- Humans are born essentially good and virtuous but are easily corrupted by society.
- The early years of a child's education should be spent developing the senses, sensibilities, and sentiments.
- "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains."
- All religion is based on "hope and fear."
- The virtuous citizen should be willing to subordinate his own self-interest to the general good of the community.
From 5 Steps to a 5 AP European History. Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
Next Study Guide: Social Transformation in the 18th Century for AP European History
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