The Enlightenment Review Questions for AP European History

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these review questions can be found at:

The Enlightenment for AP European History


  1. Hobbes and Locke DISAGREED in their belief that
    1. men are created equal
    2. men tend to follow their own self-interest
    3. the natural state of men is one of war
    4. a government's power comes from the people
    5. men are often ruled by their passions
  2. Locke argued that the primary aim of government is
    1. to guarantee peace by putting the fear of death into its subjects
    2. to follow and enact the general will of the people
    3. to provide and protect democracy
    4. to assure the right to property
    5. to institute a constitutional monarchy
  3. Which of the following is NOT true of the philosophes?
    1. They used their positions as university professors to influence society.
    2. They aimed to educate the public.
    3. Their ultimate goal was a society governed by reason.
    4. They wrote in many different genres.
    5. They were often guests of and correspondents with the women who hosted salons.
  4. The economic policy known as Laissez-faire
    1. advocates protectionist tariffs
    2. is based on the notion that people have a right to do anything they want
    3. is based on the notion that human self-interest produces natural laws that govern economic behavior
    4. argues that the government should act as an "invisible hand" to regulate the economy
    5. was instituted by enlightened despots
  5. The religious belief of the majority of the philosophes was
    1. Catholicism
    2. Lutheranism
    3. Calvinism
    4. Deism
    5. Atheism
  6. The style of Enlightenment literature made famous by Voltaire was
    1. the philosophical treatise
    2. the satire
    3. the play
    4. the pamphlet
    5. the novel
  7. Which of the following presented the most radical challenge to the traditional ruling regimes of eighteenth-century Europe?
    1. Locke's notion that humans are born tabula rasa
    2. Hobbes's notion that human nature requires a ruler with absolute power
    3. Beccaria's notion that the goal of a legal system should be the rehabilitation and reintegration of the criminal to society
    4. the concept of religious toleration
    5. Rousseau's notion that a lawful government must be continually responsible to the general will of the people
  8. Which of the following is NOT part of Rousseau's thought?
    1. Humans are born essentially good and virtuous but are easily corrupted by society.
    2. The early years of a child's education should be spent developing the senses, sensibilities, and sentiments.
    3. "Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains."
    4. All religion is based on "hope and fear."
    5. The virtuous citizen should be willing to subordinate his own self-interest to the general good of the community.
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