Cognition Review Questions for AP Psychology

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guides for these review questions can be found at:


Directions: For each question, choose the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

  1. The three stages of the Atkinson–Shiffrin process of memory are
    1. iconic, echoic, encoding
    2. sensory, short term, long term
    3. shallow, medium, and deep processing
    4. semantic, episodic, procedural
    5. cerebellum, temporal lobe, hippocampus
  2. Which of the following examples best illustrates episodic memory?
    1. telling someone how to tie a shoe
    2. answering correctly that the Battle of Hastings was in 1066
    3. knowing that the word for black in French is noir
    4. remembering that a clown was at your fifth birthday party
    5. long-term memory for the times tables learned in second grade
  3. Doug wrote a grocery list of 10 items, but leaves it at home. The list included in order: peas, corn, squash, onions, apples, pears, bananas, flour, milk, and eggs. If the law of primacy holds, which of the following is Doug most likely to remember when he gets to the store?
    1. peas, pears, eggs
    2. banana, flour, peas
    3. apples, pears, bananas
    4. flour, milk, eggs
    5. peas, corn, onions
  4. In the example above, which of the items would be recalled in Doug's short-term memory immediately after writing the list?
    1. peas, corn, squash
    2. peas, corn, onions
    3. apples, pears, bananas
    4. flour, milk, eggs
    5. flour, corn, bananas
  5. According to the levels of processing theory of memory,
    1. we remember items that are repeated again and again
    2. maintenance rehearsal will encode items into our long-term memory
    3. deep processing involves elaborative rehearsal, ensuring encoding into long-term memory
    4. input, output, and storage are the three levels
    5. we can only hold 7 items in our short-term memory store before it is full
  6. Which of the following brain structures plays a key role in transferring information from shortterm memory to long-term memory?
    1. hypothalamus
    2. thalamus
    3. hippocampus
    4. frontal lobe
    5. parietal lobe
  7. Dai was drunk, so his girlfriend convinced him to get out of his car, and she drove him home in her car. He could not remember where his car was parked when he got up the next morning, but after drinking some liquor, Dai remembered where he left his car. This phenomenon best illustrates
    1. the misinformation effect
    2. mood-congruent memory
    3. the framing effect
    4. state-dependent memory
    5. anterograde amnesia
  8. Phonemes are:
    1. the rules of grammar that dictate letter combinations in a language
    2. the smallest unit of sound in a language
    3. the smallest unit of meaning in a language
    4. semantically the same as morphemes
    5. about 100 different words that are common to all languages
  9. Because it has all of the features commonly associated with the concept bird, a robin is considered
    1. a prototype
    2. a schematic
    3. an algorithm
    4. a phenotype
    5. a heuristic
  10. Compared to convergent thinkers, to solve a problem divergent thinkers are more likely to:
    1. process information to arrive at the single best answer
    2. think creatively and generate multiple answers
    3. problem solve in a systematic step-by-step fashion
    4. frequently suffer from functional fixedness
    5. use algorithms rather than heuristics to arrive at a solution
  11. Unlike B. F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky believes that children
    1. learn to speak by mimicking the sounds around them
    2. speak more quickly if their parents correct their mispronunciations early
    3. are hard-wired for language acquisition
    4. learn language more quickly if positive rewards are given to them
    5. can learn to speak correctly only during a critical age
  12. Which of the following is a good example of functional fixedness?
    1. failing to use a dime as a screwdriver when you have lost your screwdriver
    2. not being able to solve a physics problem because you apply the same rule you always do
    3. using a blanket as a pillow
    4. adding water to a cake mix when it calls for milk
    5. thinking of an apple first when you are asked to name fruits
  13. Having been told that Syd is an engineer and Fran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. This best illustrates:
    1. confirmation bias
    2. cognitive illusion
    3. the mere exposure effect
    4. the anchoring effect
    5. the representativeness heuristic
  14. Which of the following is a holophrase one-yearold Amanda is likely to say?
    1. "Mmmmm"
    2. "Gaga"
    3. "Eat apple"
    4. "I eated the cookie"
    5. "Bottle"
  15. Which of the following exemplifies retroactive interference?
    1. After suffering a blow to the head, Jean cannot form new memories.
    2. Elle failed a Spanish test because she studied for her Italian test after studying Spanish.
    3. Lee cannot remember an important date on the history exam.
    4. Gene cannot remember his new locker combination but remembers last year's.
    5. Jodi remembers the first few items on her school supply list, but can't remember the rest of them.
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