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The Cold War Review Questions for AP World History

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By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these review questions can be found at:

The Cold War Review for AP World History

Review Questions

  1. Which communist leader is most often associated with purges against his rivals?
    1. Lenin.
    2. Sun Yat-sen.
    3. Mao Zedong.
    4. Stalin.
    5. Deng Xiaoping.
  2. An example of brinkmanship is found in
    1. the Cuban Missile Crisis.
    2. the Arab-Israeli War.
    3. the Iran-Iraq War.
    4. the Cultural Revolution.
    5. the Korean War.
  3. The country that was most interested in keeping its colonies after World War II was
    1. Germany.
    2. France.
    3. Great Britain.
    4. the United States.
    5. Portugal.
  4. Lenin's New Economic Policy
    1. established collective farming.
    2. resulted in decreased agricultural production.
    3. forbade the ownership of private property.
    4. allowed some elements of capitalism.
    5. was continued by Joseph Stalin.
  5. The communist ruler whose economic policies were most like those of Lenin was
    1. Mao Zedong.
    2. Deng Xiaoping.
    3. Joseph Stalin.
    4. Jiang Jieshi.
    5. Fidel Castro.
  6. Which of the following leaders would have agreed most with the policies of Benito Mussolini?
    1. Fidel Castro.
    2. Nikita Khrushchev.
    3. Juan Perón.
    4. V. I. Lenin.
    5. Mohandas Gandhi.
  7. Which of the following communist-controlled countries was allowed private land ownership and freedom of worship?
    1. Czechoslovakia.
    2. Poland.
    3. East Germany.
    4. Hungary.
    5. The Soviet Union.
  8. Mikhail Gorbachev allowed all of the following EXCEPT
    1. the production of consumer goods.
    2. discussion of government policies.
    3. private land ownership.
    4. democratic government.
    5. foreign investments.

Answers and Explanations

  1. D—Stalin was noted for his practice of exiling or executing millions of his opponents.
  2. A—The Cuban Missile Crisis illustrated that the Cold War was fought through diplomacy that placed the superpowers always on the brink of war. Neither the Arab-Israeli War (B) nor the Iran-Iraq War (C) was a conflict between the superpowers. The Cultural Revolution was a repressive policy of Mao Zedong (D), and the Korean War (E) involved direct confrontation between the communist and free worlds.
  3. B—France wanted to regain and maintain its colony in Indochina. Germany (A) lost its colonies during World War I, whereas Great Britain, the United States, and Portugal gradually granted independence to their colonies (C, D, E).
  4. D—Lenin allowed some private ownership of land and small businesses (C) and some degree of free market economy. Collective farming was established under Stalin (A). The NEP increased agricultural production (B). The NEP ended with Lenin (E).
  5. B—Deng Xiaoping allowed some elements of a market economy and some foreign investment. Mao and Stalin did not follow these policies (A, C). Castro allowed some foreign investment only in recent years after the breakup of Soviet communism (E). Jiang Jieshi was not a communist leader (D).
  6. C—Perón's government followed fascist models; he was reputed to have had fascist sympathies. Castro (A), Khrushchev (B), and Lenin (D), all communists, were opposed to fascism. Mohandas Gandhi, the nonviolent leader of Indian independence, was not aligned with either philosophy (E).
  7. B—Poland was the only satellite nation that was allowed to experience private land ownership and religious freedom. Neither the Soviet Union (E) nor the other satellite nations listed enjoyed such freedoms (A, C, D).
  8. D—Although Gorbachev allowed a measure of free market economy, foreign investments, consumer goods, and free discussion of governmental policies, his government remained dedicated to the ultimate welfare of the state (D).
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