Comparing and Contrasting Text Study Guide
Comparing and Contrasting Text
In this lesson, you'll discover that authors often describe how things are alike or different.
SOME AUTHORS USE a compare-and-contrast text structure to organize ideas. To compare, they tell how things are alike; to contrast, they tell how things are different. Words like same, different, some, all, every, also, but, both, or many signal to readers that the author is using a compare-and-contrast structure.
Compare: Every student in the school wore the same blue uniform. Contrast: They may have to wear uniforms, but we don't!
Authors don't always use signal words. Then, readers must figure out what's being compared or contrasted.
The DJ played classic rock and everyone agreed the music was cool . . . or as some put it, "fierce!" How could I tell my new friends that I preferred country-western?
Many times things can be alike in one or more ways but still be different. In the preceding example, rock and country-western are alike because both are kinds of music, but they are different in style and rhythm. A Venn diagram can help you keep track of likenesses and differences as you read.
Marissa and Matthew are twins, but she has dark hair and he's a blond. Everyone in their family has brown eyes. Matthew plays drums and Marissa plays guitar in the school band. They both sing and want to start a rock group.
Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:
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