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Health and Medicine Critical Reading Practice Exercises Set 3 (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 27, 2011

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  1. c. Choice d is true, but too specific to be the author's primary purpose. Choice e can be eliminated because it is too negative and choices a and b are too positive.
  2. a. The author contrasts the public's dismissal of the arcane practice of wearing garlic with its increasing acceptance of herbal remedies.
  3. b. In this context, conventional refers to the established system of Western medicine or biomedicine.
  4. d. Choice a is overly general and choice b is too negative to be inferred from the survey's findings. Choice c is incorrect—the author does not mention the "baby boom" age group, but that does not imply that the survey does not include it. The survey does not support the prediction in choice e.
  5. a. The statistic illustrates the popularity of alternative therapies without giving any specific information as to why.
  6. e. The author states that Americans are not replacing conventional healthcare but are adding to or supplementing it with alternative care.
  7. d. The shortcomings of conventional healthcare mentioned in lines 30–35 are the time constraints of managed care (line 31), focus on technology (line 32), and inability to relieve symptoms associated with chronic disease (line 34).
  8. a. The author states that once scientific investigation has confirmed their safety and efficacy (lines 37–38), alternative therapies may be accepted by the medical establishment.
  9. b. The author gives evidence of observational studies to show that garlic may be beneficial. Choice d is incorrect, however, because the author emphasizes that these findings have not been confirmed in clinical studies (lines 51–52).
  10. d. The passage does not offer a criticism or argument about alternative healthcare, but rather reports on the phenomenon with some playfulness.
  11. a. The article raises the question, Could the dietary recommendations of the last twenty years be wrong? (lines 10–11).
  12. d. The author expresses her objection by depicting the medical experts as extreme, ridicul[ing] (line 2) one diet while extolling (line 3) another.
  13. c. Choices a and d are alternate definitions that do not apply to the passage. The author uses gospel (line 8) with its religious implications as an ironic statement, implying that scientists accepted a premise based on faith instead of on evidence.
  14. e. The author begins with Fact (line 14) to introduce and highlight statistical information. She or he does not speculate about the meaning of the statistics until the next paragraph.
  15. a. The author names a sedentary lifestyle of TV watching and Internet surfing (lines 24–25) as a contributing factor to the rise in obesity rates.
  16. b. The passage suggests that the 1979 dietary guidelines responded to a theory that dietary fat (line 34) increases heart disease.
  17. b. The passage describes the anti-fat message as oversimplified (lines 48–49) and goes on to cite the importance of certain beneficial types of fat found in olive oil and nuts (lines 38–39).
  18. c. This example supports the claim that the body uses refined carbohydrates in much the same way (lines 42–43) that it does sweets.
  19. e. Lines 42–43 support this statement.
  20. d. The last sentence is ironic—it expresses an incongruity between conflicting dietary advice that targets different types of food as unhealthy, and the reality that humans need to eat.

For more practice on health and medicine critical reading questions, review:

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