U.S. History and Politics Critical Reading Practice Exercises Set 3 (page 3)

based on 1 rating
Updated on Sep 27, 2011


  1. c.   The Lewis and Clark expedition did not have a military goal and did not have any violent encounters except the one described in lines 41–43.
  2. b.   Jefferson and his representatives wanted Native Americans to acknowledge American sovereignty and to see themselves as children to his role as their "father."
  3. c.   One meaning of protocol is a code that demands strict adherence to etiquette.
  4. d.   The passage states that Lewis and Clark sought to impose their own notions of hierarchy on Native Americans by "making chiefs" with medals, printed certificates, and gifts (lines 30–33).
  5. c.   By placing a peace medal around the neck of a man killed by the expedition makes an ironic statement about the meaning of "peace."
  6. b.   To the Plains Native Americans, the pipe ceremony meant that those who participated accepted sacred obligations to share wealth, aid in war, and revenge injustice (lines 50–51). The passage suggests that Lewis and Clark most likely did not understand the significance of the ceremony.
  7. e.   One meaning of adopt is to take by choice into a relationship. In this context, adopt has another meaning: to take up and practice or use.
  8. e.   By giving manufactured goods to Native Americans, Lewis and Clark were promoting Euro-American culture. Jefferson hoped that these free samples would introduce the Native Americans to mechanized agriculture as part of his plan to "civilize and instruct" them (lines 58–61).
  9. a.   The passage compares different abstract principles, or organizing principles of Euro-American society versus that of tribal societies. For example, it explores the principles of hierarchy and kinship.
  10. b.   Choice a is too general to be the primary purpose of the passage, whereas choices c and e are too specific. Choice d is not supported by the passage.
  11. c.   Beecher Hooker invokes the Constitution (line 1) and recites the preamble (lines 9–13) in order to appeal to and persuade her audience.
  12. a.   Beecher Hooker plays on the two meanings suggested by the phrase learn it by heart as well as by head. She asks her audience to not only memorize the Constitution's preamble, but to use both emotion and intellect to understand its meaning.
  13. e.   One meaning of anxious is extreme uneasiness or dread. An alternative meaning applies to this context—that of ardently or earnestly wishing.
  14. c.   Passage 1 argues that the foremothers of the nation were patriotic and did their full share (line 30) of contributing to the early republic.
  15. b.   The passage anticipates the arguments of those in favor of women's right to vote and refutes them.
  16. c.   Novel means new and not resembling something known or used in the past. Choice b, original, could fit this definition but its connotation is too positive for the context.
  17. a.   Passage 2 describes woman-suffrage societies as thoroughly organized, with active and zealous managers (lines 14–15). Choice b, courageous, is too positive for the context of the passage.
  18. a.   Passage 2 states that every one . . . knows that without female suffrage, legislation for years has improved and is still improving the condition of women (lines 24–27).
  19. d.   Passage 2 emphasizes how well women are served by judges in line 35. Passage 1 does not refer to this issue at all.
  20. b.   Passage 1 describes men as fighters by nature (line 37), but not women. Passage 2 describes women as incapable of performing military duty (lines 4–5).
  21. d.   Passage 1 addresses its audience in the second person, whereas Passage 2 does not. Passage 1 also refers to its audience as friends (line 14) and brothers (line 18).

For more practice on U.S. history and politics critical reading questions, review:

View Full Article
Add your own comment

Ask a Question

Have questions about this article or topic? Ask
150 Characters allowed