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Science and Nature Critical Reading Practice Exercises Set 1 (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 27, 2011

Answers

  1. e.   Answer choices ad are all unauthorized logging practices performed by Metsähallitus in Finland. Choice e is incorrect because it refers to another country.
  2. c.   Calling for a moratorium means to cease or stop an activity or concept. You can deduce this correct answer from the clue in line 17, halt.
  3. b.   The author's tone can best be characterized as an urgent warning. The passage exposes an illegal logging practice that threatens to destroy forests in Finland. The author's genuine concern rules out choices a and d, and there is nothing in the passage to suggest that the author is either secretly angry, choice c, or in a state of panic, choice e.
  4. d.   Though Greenpeace is clearly out to inform the reader of bad logging practices in Finland, it is not trying to rally support for their organization (choice e); rather, their goal is to promote awareness, and through awareness, change. Choice a's suggestion that other forests are endangered is false, and choices b and c are not ideas put forth by the passage.
  5. d.   The Great Barrier Reef does not cause erosion; it prevents it. All of the other choices are true and can be found in the passage.
  6. e.   According to the passage, 2,010 km is approximately 1,250 miles. So, twice as many km (4,020) would be approximately twice as many miles (2,500).
  7. b.   The phrase ill effects of that precedes the words erosion and putrefaction means that putrefaction is a negative consequence, as is erosion. The other choices are either neutral, c, d, and e, or positive, a.
  8. a.   This statement encapsulates the entire passage, not just a part of it. Choices c and e are too specific to be correct. Choices b and d are not supported by the passage.
  9. c.   Erosion and putrefaction (line 6) are the consequences to shoreline if the coral reefs are neglected or destroyed.
  10. d.   Choices b and c, meaning scattered and erratic respectively, are not supported in the document. Choice e is incorrect because it is an antonym of obligatory. Choice a may be considered a synonym but it is not the best choice. The best choice is d, requisite.
  11. c.   This answer can be drawn from lines 48–51 in the passage. Choices b and d are also true but not the best answers. Choices a and e are not true.
  12. b.   Lines 9–11 of the passage clearly state that Benjamin Franklin first considered the concept of DST.
  13. a.   Locations near the equator do not participate in DST because they have equal hours of day and night; therefore, DST, which extends the daylight period, is not useful. Choice c is incorrect because Navajo reservations observe DST. Choice b is incorrect because parts of Indiana do observe DST. Choice d is incorrect because Mexico now observes DST. Choice e is incorrect because Saskatchewan chooses to not observe DST.
  14. d.   This choice is directly supported by lines 37–39 of the passage.
  15. a.   Choices be are incorrect because they each refer to specific points raised in the passage, but not throughout the passage. Only choice a describes the point of the entire passage.
  16. d.   This choice is directly supported by lines 51–54 of the passage.

For more science and nature critical reading questions, review:

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