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Sports and Leisure Critical Reading Practice Exercises Set 3 (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 27, 2011

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  1. b.   A context clue to help you answer this question is found in lines 2–3, when the author states that Herodes Atticus Street is one of the most retired streets of the city. Of the given answer choices, out of the ordinary best describes the activity of heavy construction on a normally quiet street.
  2. c.   The author states in lines 6–7 that the lower end of Herodes Atticus Street opens upon a bridge across the Ilissos, and on the opposite bank lies the Panathenaic Stadium—the Stadium at Athens.
  3. b.   Lines 11–12 state the Committee decided that the Olympics would be held once in four years, and the next two Olympics to follow would be held in the years 1900 and 1904 (line 25).
  4. c.   As stated in line 16, the organizers of the first modern Olympics were swayed partly by sentimental reasons in the choice of name and place. The ancient Olympics took its name from the city where it was held every four years: Olympia, in Greece. To honor those ancient games, the organizers named the modern games the Olympics and would play the inaugural contests in Greece.
  5. d.   The Germans were involved in excavating the ancient Stadium at Olympia (lines 47–48). Nowhere in the passage does it mention that there was a vote to decide between Olympia and Athens.
  6. e.   Lines 44–46 state that the problem of seating a large crowd of spectators did not come up before the International Committee (choice a). In fact, it was a local Athenian committee (choice e) composed of most of the citizens conspicuous for wealth or position, and some resident foreigners (lines 52–53) that were posed with the question of seating for the games in Athens.
  7. a.   Lines 35–37 state that if Olympia were to be considered a viable site for the modern Olympics, it would demand the organization of a first-class commissary department, and that too for a service of half a month only. Half a month is roughly two weeks, choice a. It is true that line 40 states that the games were just a few days (choice e) every four years, but that is in reference to the ancient Olympic games.
  8. c.   Before Greece switched to the Euro in 2002, Greek money was called drachma. The answer to this question lies in line 61–63, where it states that nine hundred thousand drachmas were worth about one hundred thousand dollars.
  9. b.   In lines 31–32 the author states that a successful athletic contest cannot be held in the wilderness and demands a crowd and sustenance for a crowd. Holding the games at Olympia would have sentimental value because of its history, but it would not be practical because Olympia does not have the proper facilities and resources to accommodate the crowds that would descend upon the games.
  10. d.   In lines 29–30, the author uses the phrase the feeling that thirty centuries looked down upon them to emphasize the sentimental value of holding the modern games at the site of Ancient Olympia (choice d). But the author goes on to say that despite the sentimental value, it just wouldn't be practical.
  11. a.   In lines 34–35, the narrator of Passage 1 mentions At sea we do meet with rough weather at times. In Passage 2, lines 44–45, the boy recounts that his boat ran into a vicious Atlantic storm, and the waves tossed the Alba around like it was a tiny raft. Choice d may seem like an attractive answer, but there is only evidence that the Alba leaks (line 47), not the yacht, and the question requires support from both passages.
  12. c.   In the last sentence of Passage 2 the narrator questions his decision to take the voyage aboard the Alba by asking himself What have I gotten myself into? This self-doubt indicates that he believed his decision may have been a mistake. This choice best answers the question.
  13. d.   In lines 2–3, the author of Passage 1 tells of the beautiful property belonging to the Earl of Mount Edgcumbe and implores the reader to visit Plymouth if they ever get the chance. He then goes on to describe the bustling harbor at Plymouth and finishes with: there is a great deal to see at Plymouth besides the sea itself (lines 8–9). In short, he describes all the interesting sights to behold at Plymouth. All the other choices either do not make sense or are not specifically supported by details from the text.
  14. b.   In lines 10–12 of Passage 1 the narrator states that the yacht is a particular type of ship known as a cutter. In lines 14–15 of Passage 2, the Captain explains to his nephew that the Alba is cutter, as well. In that same conversation the nephew learns that all cutters share a similar trait: they possess only a single mast (line 15). Therefore, choice b is the correct answer.
  15. d.   When answering this question, the key is to be sure to find the only choice that is supported by specific examples from the text. Nowhere in the text of Passage 1 does it state that the yacht carries cargo, but on the other hand it never mentions the fact that it does not. The same reasoning goes for choices b, c, and e. The yacht may be bigger and faster than the Alba, and the Alba may carry only crew, but these facts are never mentioned in the texts so we can't know for sure. That leaves only one possible answer: choice d. The yacht is most certainly more luxurious than the Alba, and this statement is backed by both narrators's descriptions of the their respective vessels.
  16. e.   The captain knew it was important that the crew understood the boy was no more privileged than anyone else aboard the Alba. Evidence for this choice is found in the narrator's statement in lines 10–11: because I was his nephew, I would probably have to work twice as hard as the others to prove my worth. All the other choices do not make sense or are not backed by specific examples from the text.
  17. a.   As used in Passage 1, line 26, the verb repair most closely means take themselves, or more simply, go. Today, repair is most commonly used as a verb that means to fix something (choice b). However, in the context of the sentence, this makes no sense. The easiest way to answer this question is to replace repair in the sentence with each the answer choices, and see which one fits best in context. By doing this you should narrow down your choice to just one: choice a.
  18. c.   The narrator's familiarity with yachts and the harbor at Plymouth (lines 1–12) in Passage 1 seems to indicate that he is an experienced yachtsman. He reveals his passion for yachting in lines 17–18, when he declares, Of all amusements, give me yachting. All the other answer choices either do not make sense or are not supported by specific examples from the text.
  19. e.   Nigel probably had rotten or missing teeth. The narrator of Passage 2 chose to describe Nigel's smile as a graveyard of yellow sincerity, describing his yellow teeth as tombstones in a graveyard. When a writer uses a descriptive word or phrase in place of another to suggest a similarity between the two, this figure of speech is called a metaphor (choice e). If the boy had instead said, Nigel's smile was "like a graveyard of yellow sincerity," it would have been a simile, choice b.
  20. a.   Both passages are basically concerned with a similar situation—life aboard a cutter. The author of Passage 1 sets a pleasurable tone in the first paragraph by describing the idyllic scene at Plymouth and the anchored yacht. He later describes the yacht as elegant, tasteful, and luxurious (line 18), and the smell of the food delightful (lines 23–24). In stark contrast, the boy narrator in Passage 2 begins the passage by describing the menacing façade of his uncle and the immediate reality check the boy receives when he steps aboard (lines 6–9). His description of the heat and smell below deck (lines 20–22), and the horrible food (lines 33–35), effectively sets the dark and oppressive tone of the passage. Together, these two very different descriptions prove that the reality of two seemingly similar situations can often be extremely different, choice a.
  21. b.   The word berth, when used as a noun, often refers to the sleeping quarters aboard a boat or a train. In lines 39–43 the boy describes his berth as the place where he could stow [his] clothes, and at night string up [his] hammock.

For more practice on sports and leisure critical reading questions, review:

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