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Sports and Leisure Critical Reading Practice Exercises Set 1 (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 27, 2011

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  1. b.   The author's tone in this passage could only be described as light-hearted. The subject of the passage itself is not of a particularly serious nature, and the author's deduction in lines 21–23 that watching a sport on television would technically characterize couch potatoes as athletes is humorous and subtly mocks those who would argue over what is a "true" sport.
  2. e.   Vigorous, as it is used in the passage, is an adjective that describes an activity carried out forcefully or energetically. In other words, a vigorous activity requires a physical exertion (line 11) that would cause one to break a sweat (line 12). This type of activity is best described as strenuous, choice e.
  3. d.   Cheerleading (choice a), skiing (choice b), race car driving (choice c), and gymnastics (choice e) are all strenuous activities that require good hand-eye coordination and run the risk of injury. Playing horse shoes (choice d) only requires good hand-eye coordination.
  4. b.   Bellicose most closely means warlike. There are two major clues in this passage to help you answer this question. The first clue lies in the translation of the name Tewaarathon, meaning "Little Brother of War." Another clue lies in lines 18–19, where the passage states that these games were excellent battle preparation for warriors.
  5. c.   The answer to this question can be found in lines 17–20, as well as in the entire second paragraph. The passage states that the games played by the Native Americans were often substitutes for war, and from time to time the games held religious and spiritual significance. Don't be fooled by choice e; the Native Americans may have played friendly exhibition matches, but this is not discussed anywhere in the passage.
  6. a.   "Little Brother of War" is the best choice for the title of this passage because, in the first paragraph, the games are described as fierce and warlike. Choice a is also the name of the original Iroquois game, which was the subject of the entire second paragraph. The other choices do not fit because they are unsupported by the passage, or describe only a small portion of the passage.
  7. c.   The answer can be found in the two sentences that follow the phrase. The sentences state that the games were often highstakes substitutes for war, and it was not uncommon for players to suffer serious injuries at the hands (and sticks) of others. These statements describe the fierce nature of the games, and suggest that players would not hesitate to resort to violent tactics to score, by any means necessary. Choices d and e are true and mentioned in the passage, but they do not fit in context with the phrase.
  8. e.   The author's primary purpose in writing this passage is to illustrate the importance of these games in Native American culture. The author does this by giving examples of the spiritual and peacekeeping significance of the games to the Native Americans. The passage does inform us that lacrosse evolved from these ancient games, but it does not specifically describe any aspect of modern lacrosse or any other sport, therefore choices a and c are incorrect. Choices b and d are both mentioned by the author, but they are not the main subjects of the passage, and nowhere in the passage does the author condone or condemn the violence of the games.
  9. e.   The author's primary purpose in writing this passage is to discuss his belief that commercialism's strong presence in today's society strongly influences a person's view of his or her personal identity. A good illustration of this can be found on line 23–24, where the author states, we are prepared to spend our way into a trendy identity.
  10. b.   The commercial range of options in line 3 is the numerous products available for purchase by today's consumer. Line 6 holds a clue to answering this question: The author refers to the modern practice of wearing old symbols such as a kilt as the personal choice of a particular consumer.
  11. b.   The term disposable income refers to the specific amount of a person's income that is allotted as spending money. This is the only choice that makes sense in the context of the passage.
  12. d.   The statement that one can tell a lot about somebody by what they are wearing is directly contradicted by the claim the author makes in lines 3–6: Seeing someone in a Harvard or Oxford sweatshirt or a kilt or a military tie now communicates nothing at all significant about that person's life other than the personal choice of a particular consumer.
  13. a.   The author's point of view of today's society in lines 12–14 is that today's world is much smaller and more hectic than it used be, which makes it harder for people to put down solid roots and identify with a singular way of life. In short, times have changed.
  14. c.   In line 27 the author states a surfer should lie upon a surfboard like a small boy on a coaster, and then goes on in lines 32–33 to say that the surfer slides down a wave just as a boy slides down a hill on his coaster.
  15. d.   The question asks for the statement that cannot be answered based on information given in the passage. In lines 25–29, the author describes the shape and dimensions of a flat board, and tells the reader how to paddle and lie upon it. But nowhere in the passage does the author state that a flat board is the most popular type of surfboard.
  16. e.   The answer to this question is found in lines 18–22. The author states that the bottom shoals gradually from a quarter of a mile to a mile toward the beach at Waikiki, producing a splendid surfriding surf.
  17. b.   When the word shoal is used as a verb it usually means to become shallow (as in water) or to come to a shallow or less deep part of. Lines 9–10 state that as the wave approaches the shore the lower portion of the wave strikes land first and is stopped. If the sea bottom is rising, the water will therefore be not as deep, in other words—it will be shallower.
  18. b.   The answer is explained in lines 9–17, and spelled out in lines 16–17: It is the bottom of a wave striking against the top of the land that is the cause of all surfs.
  19. a.   As it is used in the passage, impetus most nearly means a moving force. In this case, a wave is a moving force through the water. If you did not know the correct definition, the best way to answer this question would be to replace impetus in the sentence with each of the given answer choices to see which one makes the most sense in context.
  20. a.   The best approach to this question is to reread lines 18–21 for each answer choice to see which choice is directly supported by the given text. For this question you would not have to go far to find the answer: choice a quickly summarizes the text of those lines. All the other answer choices are unsupported or contradicted by the given text.
  21. c.   Context clues are your best aid in answering this question, and an important context clue is given in lines 1 and 2. The author goes on to state that the water that composes the body of a wave is stationary, and gives the example of the thrown stone causing ripples in the water. The rock that is thrown is the cause of the agitation of the water. The ripples (or the waves) that surge away from that agitation are the communication of that agitation moving through the water. Therefore, choice c is the correct answer.
  22. c.   In line 33, the author compares surfing to slid[ing] down a hill. But unlike a six-foot hill, a surfer can slide down a six-foot wave for more than a quarter of a mile without ever reaching the bottom. The author explains that this is possible because the water that composes the wave is, like a hill, standing still and new water is rising into the wave as fast as the wave travels, preventing the surfer from reaching the bottom (lines 41–43). So while it looks like a surfer is sliding along moving water, he or she is actually stationary on a wave as it moves through the water. That's the secret.

For more practice on sports and leisure critical reading questions, review:

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