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Types of Critical Thinking Exams Practice Exercises

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Updated on Sep 20, 2011

Review the lesson for Types of Critical Thinking Study Guide.

Types of Critical Thinking Exams Practice Exercises

  1. In lines 8–9, when the author speaks of "the first real training or education of my mind," he refers to
    1. the voyage of the Beagle.
    2. the development of his career.
    3. the branches of natural history.
    4. his powers of observation.
    5. the shape of his nose.
  2. In lines 13–14, the author says he considers geology far more important due to the fact that
    1. its structure is obvious.
    2. it helped him learn to reason.
    3. he made sense out of chaos.
    4. play is as important as work.
    5. he learned how to study.
  3. In line 18, the word stratification most nearly means
    1. coloration.
    2. calcification.
    3. layers.
    4. composition.
    5. location.
  4. In lines 21–22, the phrase the structure of the whole becomes more or less intelligible refers to
    1. the break of day.
    2. the ability to predict findings.
    3. a comprehensive knowledge.
    4. the assurance of correctness.
    5. the fitting together of disparate facts.
  5. In line 37, the admission that many of the author's manuscripts proved almost useless depends on the notion that
    1. it is necessary to draw and know anatomy when collecting animals.
    2. additional description would have been required for clarity.
    3. a rough dissection is better than no dissection.
    4. publication requires more finesse than he possessed.
    5. describing and dissection are a waste of time.
  6. In line 41, the word monograph most nearly means
    1. a line drawing.
    2. a comprehensive treatment.
    3. a one-page summary.
    4. a thorough dissection.
    5. a written treatment.
  7. In lines 42–45, the author sees the primary value of his journal as being
    1. a contribution to English society.
    2. good preparation for his future work.
    3. practice in painstaking description.
    4. killing two birds with one stone.
    5. to serve as letters home.
  8. In line 59–60, the word preponderated most nearly means
    1. predominated.
    2. postponed.
    3. graduated.
    4. eliminated.
    5. assuaged.

Answers

  1. d. It was the training in several branches of natural history that led to the improvement of the author's powers of observation (lines 10–11).
  2. b. The author says the investigation of geology brought reasoning into play (lines 14–15), meaning he had to develop his reasoning.
  3. c. Stratification means layers. In lines 17–19 stratification is opposed to chaos, as the way in which rocks are ordered.
  4. e. As the author works through the logic of geology, the many disparate facts begin to make sense (lines 21–22).
  5. a. The author says that the facts that he was not able to draw and did not have sufficient anatomical knowledge (lines 34–37) made his manuscripts worthless.
  6. e. Monograph is a word for a narrowly focused written treatment of a subject. Compare monograph (line 41) with manuscript (line 36) for your context clue. In the context, a monograph could not be less thorough than a manuscript.
  7. c. The author says he took much pains in describing carefully and vividly, and that this was good practice (lines 42–45).
  8. a. The word preponderated means took over or predominated. In line 60 the word over placed after preponderated is your clue, along with the context of the sentence.
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