Demographic and Environmental Developments Review Questions for AP World History
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- In the late nineteenth century, Chinese and Japanese laborers were sought in
- Western Europe.
- Among common migration patterns in the nineteenth century was
- migration from Latin America to Mediterranean Europe.
- middle-class migration from countryside to city.
- the discontinuation of settler colonies.
- migration for religious reasons.
- migration of lower classes from cities to suburbs.
- Disease transmission between 1750 and 1914
- resulted in new employment opportunities for East Asian immigrants.
- did not effect Oceania.
- produced increased mortality rates during childbirth.
- saw thousands of Europeans die from exposure to native diseases of the Americas and East Asia.
- was unaffected by industrial factors.
- Population patterns in the nineteenth century
- showed growth restricted to the Western world.
- showed limited growth among working classes.
- showed decline in East Asia and growth in Western Europe.
- were the result of increased Western efforts to produce large families to provide farm labor.
- were affected by the Columbian Exchange of the previous period.
- New scientific and artistic expressions in the West in the nineteenth century
- supported traditional beliefs.
- relied on reason in literary expression.
- created new frontiers in physics.
- relied on observation rather than experiments to explain human behavior.
- found no interest among the general population.
Answers and Explanations
- A—High mortality rates among Hawaiians when exposed to European diseases caused a need for workers from China and Japan. The other four responses were not destinations of major immigrations from China and Japan.
- D—Notable was the migration of Russian Jews to the West as a result of pogroms directed toward them. The period saw migration from Mediterranean Europe to Latin America (A). Members of the lower classes tended to move from the countryside to the cities (B). Settler colonies continued to be inhabited by Europeans (C). Middle classes tended to migrate from cities to suburbs (E).
- A—Immigrants from Japan and China found employment in Hawaii because of Hawaiian population decline from epidemic disease. The Maoris of New Zealand were decimated by European diseases (B). Improved sanitation methods decreased childbirth mortality (C). Europeans introduced the diseases that killed native populations (D). Industrial pollution blocked out sunshine, a situation that made inhabitants of industrial cities susceptible to rickets (E).
- E—Food crops from the Americas, especially the potato, were responsible for the nutritional improvements that contributed to population growth as late as the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This population growth affected non-Western (C) as well as Western nations (A). Working classes also benefited from increased nutrients and improved health care (B). As more families moved from the country to the city, there was less of a tendency to produce large families (D).
- C—The quantum theory and the theory of relativity were two frontiers in physics formulated during the period. The theory of natural selection is one example of an idea that broke with traditional beliefs (A). Romanticism relied on emotion rather than reason (B). The new science relied on experimental data (D). The general public became increasingly aware of new ideas in science and literature (E).
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