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Reading and Drawing Conclusions Practice Test (page 3)

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Updated on Sep 21, 2011

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  1. b. The first sentence in the last paragraph uses the transitional phrase "most importantly" to specify that the most important effect of unrestricted tuition reimbursement is "higher quality employees." While other positive effects had also been mentioned, they were not mentioned in conjunction with the phrase "most importantly."
  2. a. The idea that employees will become more loyal is stated in the third paragraph: "A company that puts out funds to pay for the education of its employees will get its money back by having employees stay with the company longer. It will reduce employee turnover because even employees who don't take advantage of the tuition reimbursement program will be more loyal …"
  3. a. The sentence is a fact; you could verify it by surveying companies to find out about their tuition reimbursement policies.
  4. b. The sentence is an opinion; it shows how the author feels about the policy.
  5. b, c. The author lists the ways companies would benefit by having unconditional tuition reimbursement in order of importance from least to most important. The author also shows the positive effects unconditional reimbursement would have on the company.
  6. c. There is no I or you here; the writer doesn't refer directly to herself or to the reader. Instead, everything is spoken of in the third person.
  7. c. The writer most likely uses the third-person point of view because it is objective, and her argument is more likely to be taken seriously. If she used the first person, readers might think she was an employee who wanted her employer to pay for her tuition, and she wouldn't be taken seriously.
  8. a. By using a word associated with education, the writer stresses the importance of education for the company.
  9. c. Although tuition reimbursement is a considerable expense for many companies, that was not the topic being addressed. Instead, the main idea of the passage and the focus throughout is on the benefits that companies receive by offering unrestricted tuition reimbursement. The article states that such programs may help to motivate employees, but never implies that the programs are the only way to accomplish this
  10. a. If employees of companies that offer unconditional tuition reimbursement are more loyal to their companies (see the second and third paragraphs), it follows that other employees will be less loyal because their company isn't showing enough dedication to their betterment.
  11. c. Your best clue that expendable means replaceable is that the writer uses the word immediately after saying that job security is a thing of the past, so that workers don't feel they are important or valuable to a company that can fire them on a moment's notice.
  12. b. There is common sense or reason behind each of the writer's arguments. Indeed, there are few, if any, emotional appeals in this passage.
  13. b. This main idea is explicitly stated in the last sentence of the first paragraph (a good place to look for the main idea of a longer passage like this one) and repeated at the end of the passage..
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