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The Dynamic Atmosphere Practice Questions

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Updated on Sep 25, 2011

Review the following concepts: The Dynamic Atmosphere Study Guide

Practice Questions

1.  At the equator, the major motion in the atmosphere is which one of the following?

a.  descent

b.  eastward

c.  westward

d.  ascent

2.  The trade winds are which one of the following?

a.  northerlies

b.  southerlies

c.  easterlies

d.  westerlies

3. The effect that is responsible for turning the northward flows in the lower troposphere into westerly winds is named after which of the following scientists?

a.  Hadley

b.  Coriolis

c.  Newton

d.  Magellan

4.  Look at Figure 10.1. Compare the midlatitudes of the Southern and Northern Hemispheres. What is true?

a.  Easterlies are in both hemispheres.

b.  Westerlies are in both hemispheres.

c.  Westerlies are in the north, easterlies in the south.

d.  Easterlies are in the north, westerlies in the south.

5. The sun's rays are spread across more surface area the further from the equator one goes, on the annual average, which creates climate zones because of which one of the following?

a.  The earth is a sphere.

b.  The rays go through more atmosphere.

c.  The high latitudes are further from the sun.

d.  The Hadley cells distribute energy.

6. In California, during a hot day, winds tend to move in which direction?

a. from ocean to land

b. along the coast, northerly

c. from land to sea

d. along the coast, southerly

7. Why do the spins around a high pressure system go opposite in the Southern Hemisphere, compared to the Northern Hemisphere?

a. the earth spins from west to east in the southern hemisphere

b. high pressures form over land, rather than water

c. reversal of the seasons

d. the action of the Coriolis effect

8. In the Northern Hemisphere, which of the following is true?

a. Hurricanes spin clockwise, and tornadoes spin clockwise.

b. Hurricanes spin clockwise, and tornadoes spin counterclockwise.

c. Hurricanes spin counterclockwise, and tornadoes spin clockwise.

d. Hurricanes spin counterclockwise, and tornadoes spin counterclockwise.

9. The summertime rains in the American South west are caused by which one of the following?

a. rising air over the Tibetan Plateau

b. low pressure systems coming from the Pacific

c. monsoon winds

d. warm, high pressure systems

10. The various scales of Earth's winds have the overall effect of which one of the following?

a. cooling the tropics and cooling the poles

b. warming the tropics and cooling the poles

c. cooling the tropics and warming the poles

d. warming the tropics and warming the poles

Answer

1. d. ascent

2. c. easterlies

3. b. Coriolis

4. b. Westerlies are in both hemispheres.

5. a. The earth is a sphere.

6. a. from ocean to land

7. d. the action of the Coriolis effect

8. d. Hurricanes spin counterclockwise, and tornadoes spin counterclockwise.

9. c. monsoon winds

10. c. cooling the tropics and warming the poles

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