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Writing Cause and Effect Practice Exercises

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

Read the following study guide for a concept review:

Writing Cause and Effect Study Guide

Exercise 1

Questions

To help you distinguish between cause and effect, try this exercise. Read the following sentences carefully and identify which is the cause and which is the effect in each sentence.

Example: Robin got 10 points taken off his grade because he handed in is paper late.

Cause: Robin handed in his paper late.

Effect: Robin got 10 points taken off his grade.

  1. This new detergent has caused a rash on my arms.
  2. Cause:

    Effect:

  3. Since I joined the track team, I've made a lot of new friends.
  4. Cause:

    Effect:

  5. I realized that the rash on my arms wasn't created by the new detergent, but by my allergy to wool.
  6. Cause:

    Effect:

  7. As a result of the new volunteer program, I spend every Thursday night helping in the local soup kitchen.
  8. Cause:

    Effect:

  9. Because I help feed the homeless, I feel really good about myself.
  10. Cause:

    Effect:

Exercise 2

Question

Reread the sentences in Exercise 1. Are there any signal phrases that indicate cause or effect? If so, underline them.

Exercise 3

Question

There are three other sets of cause and effect in the preceding passage. What are they? List them below. The first link in the chain is provided to get you started.

      Cause 1: He reached the fourth level.
      Effect 1: He decided not to get Rosie on time.
      Cause 2: He decided not to get Rosie on time.
      Effect 2:
      Cause 3:
      Effect 3:
      Cause 4:
      Effect 4:

Exercise 4

Questions

List the four separate reasons (causes) that the narrator was grounded.

Exercise 5

Question

Imagine that a not-so-close friend has just offered you a cigarette. In a short paragraph, explain to your friend some of the negative effects that result from smoking.

Answers

Exercise 1

  1. Cause: the new detergent
  2. Effect: a rash on my arms

  3. Cause: I joined the track team
  4. Effect: I made a lot of new friends

  5. Cause: my allergy to wool
  6. Effect: sneezing

  7. Cause: the new volunteer program
  8. Effect: I spend every Thursday night helping in the local soup kitchen

  9. Cause: I help feed the homeless
  10. Effect: I feel really good about myself

Exercise 2

The signal phrases are underlined below.

  1. This new detergent has caused a rash on my arms
  2. Since I joined the track team, I've made a lot of new friends
  3. I realized that the rash on my arms wasn't created by the new detergent, but by my allergy to wool
  4. As a result of the new volunteer program, I spend every Thursday night helping in the local soup kitchen
  5. Because I help feed the homeless, I feel really good about myself
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