The Expansion of China Review Questions for AP World History
By Peggy J. Martin — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011
The study guide for these review questions can be found at:
- became more popular in Vietnam than in Korea.
- was rejected as an acceptable philosophy by the Japanese.
- combined with Buddhism to create a cultural bridge between China and Korea.
- brought greater freedom to Vietnamese women.
- blended well with Shintoism to forge Japanese artistic traditions.
- Which was NOT an achievement of the Tang dynasty?
- the solution to the problem of nomadic peoples along China's border
- the adoption of products from Vietnam
- an emphasis upon long-distance trade
- advances in the technology of warfare
- The position of Chinese women
- resulted in greater freedoms under Neo- Confucianism.
- changed markedly between the seventh and thirteenth centuries.
- was defined by Confucianism.
- was more restrictive under the Tang than under the Song.
- declined in regions where Buddhism was popular.
- Japanese feudalism
- brought a temporary end to internal conflicts.
- increased the power of the emperor.
- revolved around the power of the samurai as warlords.
- saw the beginnings of a centralized Japan.
- united peasant and elite classes.
- Compared to the Viets, the Chinese were more
- ethnically diverse.
- interested in trade.
- interested in preserving their own culture.
- Compared to Korean attitudes toward the Chinese, those of the Japanese
- more greatly appreciated the centralization of the Chinese government.
- were more devoted to Confucianism.
- were more favorable to the civil service examination.
- demonstrated a desire to show respect to the Chinese emperor.
- were similar in their desire to become part of the Chinese trading system.
- The position of the Chinese scholar-gentry
- was mimicked by the Japanese.
- was admired by the Vietnamese.
- weakened efforts to curb nomadic invasions.
- declined during the Song dynasty.
- was not supported by Confucian philosophy.
- Buddhism became more popular among China's neighbors than in China itself because
- Buddhism reinforced Confucian gender roles.
- Buddhism weakened the power of the Chinese emperor.
- Buddhism reinforced a stratified society.
- Buddhism did not originate in China.
- Buddhism emphasized centralized government.
Answers and Explanations
- C—The Confucian civil service exam was adopted by the Koreans and Confucian classics were studied by Korean scholars. Also, Buddhist thought gained popularity among Koreans. Confucian thought was accepted more readily in Korea than in Vietnam, which strongly preferred Buddhism (A). Buddhism gained acceptance among the Japanese (B), blending with traditional Japanese Shinto beliefs to influence Japanese gardens and tea ceremonies (E). Among the distinct differences between the Vietnamese and Chinese were the restrictions placed on Chinese women (D).
- A—The Tang were unable to permanently resolve the problem of nomadic peoples along their northern borders. Tea and fast-growing rice were adopted from Vietnam (B). Long-distance trade increased contacts with other peoples in the East (C). China became increasingly urbanized under the Tang (D). Tang inventions included gunpowder (E).
- C—Confucianism strengthened the concept of the patriarchal family, which placed women in a position subordinate to men. Neo-Confucianism, which applied Confucian principles to everyday life, did nothing to elevate the status of women (A). Although Chinese women enjoyed a few opportunities to participate in business ventures during Tang rule (D), the basic position of women as inferior to men changed little over the centuries in this patriarchal society (B). Buddhism tended to elevate the position of women in society (E).
- D—Efforts of the daimyo in the later years of feudalism to adopt a common currency and fund public works led to the beginnings of a centralized Japanese state. Internal conflicts between warlords and also between peasants and warlords (E) marked Japanese feudalism (A).
- D—Especially by the Song era, urbanization became a trademark of Chinese civilization. The Viets lived almost entirely in villages. Although agriculture was common to both societies, Chinese urban life made its culture less agrarian than that of the Viets (A). The Vietnamese custom of intermarrying with the peoples of other societies in Southeast Asia made their society more ethnically diverse than that of the Chinese (B). Both societies traded widely, often with each other (C). Both also were intent on preserving their own culture (E).
- E—Both Japan and Korea benefited by participation in the Chinese trading system. The Japanese rejected the centralization of the Chinese government as unsuitable for their society (A). Of the two belief systems borrowed from China, Buddhism became more accepted in Japan (B). The Chinese civil service exam was used in Korea rather than in Japan (C). The Koreans, not the Japanese, performed the kowtow to the Chinese emperor (D).
- C—Under the Song, the relative importance placed on the scholar-gentry over that of the military weakened efforts to curb the threat of nomads along China's northern border. Neither the Japanese (A) nor the Vietnamese (B) developed a class of scholar-gentry. The position of the scholar-gentry strengthened under the Song (D), which capitalized on Confucian philosophy of effective education to support the scholargentry (E).
- D—Originating in India, Buddhism was not so strongly associated with Chinese culture as Confucianism. Buddhism was more accepting of women than Confucianism with its defined gender roles (A). Buddhism favored a more egalitarian society (C). Buddhist belief did not strive to undermine the power of the emperor (B) and supported the political system of the country, whether centralized or decentralized (E).
From 5 Steps to a 5 AP World History. Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
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