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Using Facts and Opinions Practice Exercises (page 3)

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Practice 3: The Bill of Rights 

Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.

(1) In 1787, the U.S. Constitution was written. It spelled out how the new country should be run. But before it could become the law of the land, it had to be sent to each of the 13 original states for ratification, or acceptance. Many states ratified only when they were promised that a bill of rights would be added.
(2) The first Congress met in 1789 to write amendments, or additions, to the Constitution. The first ten amendments, called the Bill of Rights, guaranteed rights, or freedoms, the colonists had fought for in the Revolutionary War. Freedom: of worship, of speech, to hold peaceful meetings, to request the government to change unfair laws, and to bear arms. The Bill also affirmed that: A person was innocent until proven guilty, law officers couldn't enter a home without a warrant, and an accused person had a right to a trial by jury.
(3) Before the Bill could be officially added to the Constitution, it had to be ratified by three-fourths of the 13 states. It was, in 1791. But Georgia, Massachusetts, and Connecticut didn't ratify until 1939 . . . 148 years later! It was about time!
11. Which of the following is NOT a fact because it can't be proved?
a. The Bill of Rights affirms a citizen's right to freedom of speech.
b. The Constitution was written in 1787.
c. The Bill of Rights affirms a citizen's right to grow long hair.
d. The first Congress met in 1789.
12. Which of the following is an opinion?
a. The Constitution is a set of rules for running America.
b. Congress wrote the amendments called the Bill of Rights.
c. Freedom of speech is guaranteed by the Bill of Rights.
d. All of the 13 states should have ratified the Bill of Rights in 1791!
13. How could you find out if the statement about some states not ratifying for 148 years is a fact or an opinion?
a. Ask a friend if it makes sense.
b. Research in a history book or on the Internet.
c. Listen to music from the 1700s.
d. Take a survey in class.

Answers

1. c
2. d
3. b
4. c
5. Some examples: fishing with his grandfather, hiking with the grandfather,taking his own grandchildren there
6. c
7. b
8. d
9. c
10. a
11. c
12. d
12. b
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