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Foreign Language Terms Vocabulary Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 8, 2011

Synonyms

The following exercise lists vocabulary words from this lesson. Each word is followed by four answer choices. Three of them are synonyms of the vocabulary word in bold. Your task is to choose the one that is NOT a synonym.

  1. blasé
    1. bored
    2. enthusiastic
    3. apathetic
    4. neutral
  2. avant-garde
    1. creative
    2. cutting edge
    3. conventional
    4. innovative
  3. naïve
    1. innocent
    2. simple
    3. knowledgeable
    4. trusting
  4. élan
    1. disinterest
    2. excitement
    3. spirit
    4. enthusiasm
  5. aficionado
    1. fan
    2. novice
    3. devotee
    4. expert
  6. non sequitur
    1. unrelated
    2. disconnected
    3. clear line of thought
    4. disjointed
  7. debut
    1. premier
    2. opening
    3. appearance
    4. retirement
  8. vignette
    1. novel
    2. short piece
    3. description
    4. literary piece
  9. cliché
    1. truism
    2. commonplace
    3. original statement
    4. familiar
  10. malaise
    1. sickness
    2. illness
    3. healthy
    4. unwell

TIP

Knowing a word's language of origin will help you spell and pronounce it correctly.

Antonyms

Choose the word from the vocabulary list that means the opposite, or most nearly the opposite, of the following groups of words.

  1. sophisticated, graceful, classy, worldly
  2. wise, mature, complicated, sophisticated
  3. poor, not materialistic, working class
  4. incomplete, reversible, disputable
  5. old, wise, masculine
  6. boredom, disinterest, despondent
  7. clear, comfortable, easily understand situation
  8. excitement, enthusiasm, wide-eyed, naïve
  9. friendship, peaceful relationship, reconciliation
  10. novice, uninformed, first-timer

Matching Questions

Match the word in the first column with the corresponding word in the second column.

  1. debut               a. a young girl
  2. aficionado        b. lacking social graces
  3. avant-garde      c. a meeting place
  4. élan                  d. apathetic
  5. gauche              e. spirit
  6. naïve                 f. a complicated misunderstanding
  7. vendetta            g. a statement that does not relate to the previous statement
  8. vignette              h. a completed fact
  9. cliché                 i. a feeling of sickness
  10. malaise               j. an overused statement
  11. entrepreneur      k. a short descriptive piece
  12. epitome              l. a feud characterized by acts of retaliation
  13. fait accompli       m. a fan or devotee
  14. rendezvous         n. artistically innovative
  15. ingenue               o. having middle-class values
  16. laissez-faire         p. first appearance
  17. imbroglio            q. one who starts his/her own business
  18. bourgeois            r. an example or the embodiment of something
  19. non sequitur        s. a political doctrine, which supports government deregulation of economic matters
  20. blasé                   t. innocent, simple

Practice Activities

Many of the words from this chapter are used in articles about art, politics, and history. Read a newspaper or magazine article about art or architecture, and an article about contemporary or historical politics, and write down all of the foreign words you come across. How do you know if a word is a foreign word? How is it being used in the article? Add these words to your vocabulary list and look up the definition.

Now that you know these words, make a note when and where you see them. Think about the following questions: When do people use these words? What effect does it have on the piece of writing you are reading? Why have these particular words become such a regular part of our vocabulary?

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