The Industrial Revolution and Social Changes Review Questions for AP World History

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By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these review questions can be found at:

The Industrial Revolution and Social Changes Review for AP World History


  1. Efforts at industrialization in Russia and Japan were similar in that
    1. both began in the early nineteenth century.
    2. both followed the termination of longestablished institutions.
    3. both countries developed more centralized governments.
    4. both depended on the textile industry.
    5. both countries widely adopted Western practices.
  2. In the early years of industrial development
    1. women in Japan emerged from traditional roles.
    2. husbands and wives were given more opportunities to work together.
    3. married women had more opportunities for clerical jobs.
    4. British women lost jobs in domestic manufacturing.
    5. families enjoyed improved housing.
  3. Common to most early industrial nations was the development of
    1. steel manufacturing.
    2. railroads.
    3. zaibatsu.
    4. unions.
    5. low tariffs.
  4. Japan's greatest challenge to industrialization was
    1. its inefficient banking system.
    2. its geography.
    3. lack of government cooperation.
    4. the continued presence of the shogunate.
    5. competition between the government and the zaibatsu.
  5. The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain
    1. was facilitated because of the enclosure movement.
    2. followed a similar revolution in the United States.
    3. initiated an interest in global trade.
    4. received little government support.
    5. produced a revolution in agriculture.
  6. Industrialization in Egypt
    1. gave new freedoms to lower classes.
    2. decreased Egypt's dependency on the West.
    3. resulted from disharmony in the Muslim world.
    4. was accomplished without government support.
    5. narrowed the technological gap between the Muslim world and the West.
  7. In the early nineteenth century, Russia remained backward to Western nations because of
    1. a history of tsarist opposition to westernization.
    2. its decentralized government.
    3. its lack of a labor force.
    4. its lack of natural resources.
    5. its continuation of serfdom.
  8. After the Perry expedition to Japan
    1. Japan refused to open ports to Western nations.
    2. the samurai opposed trade relations with the West.
    3. industrialization was accompanied by imitation of Western governments.
    4. traditional Japanese religion lost popularity.
    5. Japan abandoned its desire for empire.

Answers and Explanations

  1. B—Prior to industrialization, Russia abolished serfdom and Japan ended feudalism. Both countries began to industrialize in the latter part of the nineteenth century (A). Whereas Japan developed a more centralized government about the time that it industrialized, the Russian government was already centralized (C). Whereas textile mills were a part of early Japanese industrialization, Russia was more dependent upon the production of steel (D). Whereas the Japanese adopted many Western practices, the Russians did not (E).
  2. D—Many British women had worked in domestic industries prior to the transition to factory production. Women in Japan continued their traditional roles (A). The Industrial Revolution produced less togetherness as married women retained their roles in the home while their husbands worked in factories (B). Married women retained traditional roles in the home (C). Initially, housing in industrialized cities was unsanitary, crowded, and dangerous (E).
  3. B—Railroads were a common feature of industrialized nations, with Russia's trans-Siberian railroad and the U.S. transcontinental railroad serving as examples. Steel manufacturing was a feature of Russian industry (A). The zaibatsu pertained to Japanese industry (C). Unions arose in the West as industrialization progressed (D). High tariffs protected the industries of some nations (E).
  4. B—Japan's geography did not provide the country with an abundance of needed resources. Japan developed an efficient banking system (A) and enjoyed government support (C). The shogunate was terminated about the time that Japan industrialized (D). The Japanese government cooperated with the zaibatsu (E).
  5. A—The enclosure movement provided the needed labor force to facilitate industrialization. The Industrial Revolution in Britain preceded that in the United States (B). An interest in world trade preceded British industrialization (C). British industry received government backing (D). It followed an agricultural revolution (E).
  6. C—Egyptian industrialization resulted from the desire of Muhammad Ali to become more independent from Ottoman influence. Peasant classes were forced to grow crops for export (A). When Great Britain interfered with Egyptian industrialization, Egypt became more dependent on the West (B). Industrialization was the project of Egyptian leader Muhammad Ali (D). Not completely successful, Egyptian efforts at industrialization did not narrow the technological gap (E).
  7. E—Serfdom, not abolished until 1861, kept Russia an agricultural nation. Both Peter the Great and Catherine the Great had favored westernization (A). Russian government was highly centralized under the tsars (B). Its large population provided an ample labor force (C), and it possessed the necessary resources for industrialization (D).
  8. C—Japan instituted a bicameral parliament based on Western models. Japan opened two ports to Western nations (A). Some samurai favored trade relations with the West (B). Christianity did not find much support among the Japanese, while Shinto gained somewhat in popularity (D). Industrialized Japan continued on a quest for empire, in part to provide the country with needed natural resources (E).
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