Interactions in the Late Classical Period Review Questions for AP World History

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guide for these review questions can be found at:

Interactions in the Late Classical Period Review for AP World History


  1. During the classical period, Africa
    1. was cut off from global trade patterns.
    2. repelled Christian missionary efforts.
    3. lost contact with classical civilizations.
    4. saw new technology used in trans-Saharan travel.
    5. saw the arrival of Buddhist missionaries.
  2. The declining years of Han China and the Roman Empire shared all of the following EXCEPT
    1. a decline in morality.
    2. epidemic disease.
    3. assimilation of invading peoples into imperial culture.
    4. unequal land distribution.
    5. decline in trade.
  3. Attempts to save the Roman Empire from ruin included
    1. the division of the latifundia.
    2. initial acceptance of Christianity followed by increased persecution.
    3. the emancipation of Roman slaves.
    4. the establishment of a new capital in the eastern empire.
    5. reducing the size of the empire.
  4. The eastern portion of the Roman Empire
    1. successfully restored the boundaries of the western empire under Justinian.
    2. competed with the Parthians and Sassanids for trade.
    3. was a center of trade, art, and architecture.
    4. unlike the western portion, did not experience pressure from invaders.
    5. was cut off from contact with cultures from the east.
  5. The decline of Gupta India
    1. saw the increased power of local princes.
    2. resulted in the decline of traditional Indian culture.
    3. unlike Rome, did not result in the fragmentation of the country.
    4. occurred without pressure from invading peoples.
    5. resulted in a decline in the popularity of Hinduism.
  6. Silk Road trade
    1. flourished in spite of constant interferences from nomadic tribes.
    2. was confined to land routes across Asia.
    3. bypassed Mesopotamia.
    4. established links between the empires of Han China and Rome.
    5. linked North Africa with Rome.
  7. Indian Ocean trade
    1. linked all areas of the Indian Ocean basin except Africa.
    2. saw mariners utilize the geographic forces of the Indian Ocean.
    3. declined with the fall of classical empires.
    4. failed to establish connections with land routes.
    5. concentrated on trade among neighboring peoples rather than long-distance trade.
  8. The decline of Han China
    1. saw the end of Chinese established traditions.
    2. like Rome, saw invaders permanently dominate the empire.
    3. witnessed Daoism, rather than Confucianism, gaining popularity.
    4. was the end of Chinese dynastic rule.
    5. resulted in the decline of Buddhism in China.

Answers and Explanations

  1. D—The camel saddle was especially important to trans-Saharan trade during the classical era. Africa traded with Rome (C) and was connected to Indian Ocean trade (A). Christianity entered Axum and Ethiopia during this period (B). Buddhism did not reach Africa (E).
  2. C—Although barbarian invaders assimilated into the Chinese culture, the same did not occur after the fall of Rome. The remaining four choices were common to both empires in their period of decline.
  3. D—In order to tap into the wealth of the eastern empire, Constantine established a new capital at Constantinople, the former Byzantium. During Rome's decline the latifundia became larger, not smaller (A). Persecutions of Christians were followed by acceptance of the religion, then by official status under Theodosius (B). Romans continued to rely on slavery (C). The empire lost size during the declining years, but not as a result of a deliberate effort to reduce its territory (E).
  4. C—The Byzantine Empire was a cultural center. Justinian's efforts were only partially successful in temporarily restoring some of the boundaries of Rome (A). The Parthians and Sassanids acted as trade facilitators (B). The eastern empire experienced some pressure from invaders, but not nearly to the extent that the western portion did (D). The eastern empire was a hub of trade routes that offered cultural exchange with peoples to the east (E).
  5. A—After the fall of the Gupta dynasty, India was fragmented (C) into local principalities. Indian culture, however, remained intact (B), and Hinduism remained the dominant religion of India (E). Like Rome, Gupta India experienced pressure from invaders (D).
  6. D—The Roman roads connected to the routes of the Silk Roads. Nomadic tribes often assisted travelers and traders along the Silk Roads, providing horses and camels and supplies (A). The Silk Roads also embraced the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean (B) and went through Mesopotamia (C). Although North Africa traded with the Roman Empire, its routes were not included among the Silk Roads (E).
  7. B—Mariners used the monsoon winds to facilitate travel in the Indian Ocean. Africa was connected to Indian Ocean trade (A). Trade in the Indian Ocean continued after the fall of classical empires, especially after the entry of Islam into the region (C). The waters of the Indian Ocean facilitated long-distance trade from China to Africa (E) and connected with land routes from China to Rome (D).
  8. C—Daoism enjoyed a resurgence of prosperity as Han China declined, whereas Confucianism declined in popularity. Although Chinese traditions suffered initially, they rebounded after the fall of the Han (A). Invaders eventually assimilated into the Chinese culture (B). Chinese dynastic rule would continue into the early twentieth century (D). Buddhism gained popularity in China after the fall of the Han (E).
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