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Reasoning Skills and Jumping to Conclusions Practice

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Review the lesson for Jumping to Conclusions Help.

Reasoning Skills and Jumping to Conclusions Practice

Are any of the following hasty generalizations?

  1. The new quarterback threw two interceptions and only completed two passes in the first game. Looks like we're in for a losing season.
  2. The last five times I saw Edna, she was with Vincent. They must be going out.
  3. I saw two falling stars last night. I guess there's a meteor shower.

Are any of the following biased generalizations?

  1. A teacher at a meeting with ten other teachers: "The current administration doesn't care at all about educational reform, and it's the most important issue facing our nation today."
  2. An employee who was laid off from his job: "That company is a terrible place to work. They laid me off!"
  3. New basketball-team member who keeps getting put on the bench during games: "Everyone on the team said that Coach Adams is really tough on his team members the first season, but that if I work hard, I'll get to play in most games next season."
  4. A husband to his wife: "The mayor has agreed to create a system of bike paths. I believe he is interested in maintaining our city's reputation as 'going green'."

Are there any non sequiturs in the following arguments?

  1. Paula got straight As in her science classes. She'll make a great doctor.
  2. That car is a stick shift. Most stick-shift cars get better gas mileage than automatics. You'll probably get better gas mileage if you get a stick shift.
  3. Rasheed is a good accountant and he didn't even like math in school. You don't like math, so you'd make a good accountant, too.
  4. That movie had amazing special effects. It cost millions to make. It is sure to win an Academy award.
  5. What assumptions do the non sequiturs in items 8 and 10 make? Write them here.

Answers

  1. Yes, this is a hasty generalization. It's only the first game, and the quarterback is new. Give him a chance to warm up!
  2. Since you've seen them together five times, there's a pretty strong likelihood that Edna and Vincent are involved in some kind of relationship, so this is not a hasty generalization.
  3. This is a hasty generalization. Two falling stars is not enough to indicate a meteor shower. You would need to see quite a few more to validate that statement.
  4. Yes, this woman's generalization—that the administration doesn't care at all about educational reform—is probably biased. Because she's a schoolteacher, she probably has different expectations for reform than most, and therefore doesn't see or appreciate the measures that the administration does take.
  5. Yes, this employee's generalization is probably biased. He is making a conclusion based on only one small piece of evidence—his own misfortune at having gotten laid off. He clearly has negative feelings for the company that may not be justified.
  6. Even though this player is not getting to play in the games, he has found out from all the other players on the team that the coach is hard on everyone during the first season, so his conclusion is probably fair.
  7. This is not truly a biased generalization. It has a basis in reality although may be slightly exaggerated.
  8. Yes, this is a non sequitur.
  9. No, this is not a non sequitur.
  10. Yes, this is a non sequitur.
  11. Yes, this is a non sequitur.
  12. Argument number 8 assumes that people who are good science students will also make good doctors. But being a good doctor requires more than getting good grades. It also involves years of training, an ability to handle crises, skill in dealing with patients, and much more.

    In argument number 10, the second premise and conclusion reverse the first premise. Just because you don't like math doesn't mean you'll make a good accountant; what happened to Rasheed won't necessarily happen to you.

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