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Learning Word Roots Help

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Updated on Sep 8, 2011

Learning Roots

      agonize        
      root: agon means struggle, contest
      (verb)
      to suffer intense pain, to struggle over something
      As a teacher, I _____over how to reprimand my students.
      audible        
      root: aud means hear
      (adj.)
      able to be heard
      Something was wrong with the sound system, so the lead singer's voice was barely _____.
      belligerent        
      root: bell means war
      (adj.)
      warlike, hostile
      I don't know what got into Margo; she became when _____ they told her that the class was full.
      chronic        
      root: chron means time
      (adj.)
      constant, habitual
      Living with _____pain can be exhausting.
      demographic        
      root: dem means people
      (noun)
      statistical characteristics of human population, such as age or income
      The _____ information we received helped us create a marketing plan.
      fidelity        
      root: fid means faith
      (noun)
      faithfulness
      One thing I will never question is her _____; she is one of the most loyal people I know.
      fluctuate        
      root: flux, flu means to flow
      (verb)
      to move up and down, constantly changing
      My weight tends to according to the seasons.
      genocide        
      root: gen means race or kind
      (noun)
      the deliberate extermination of an entire group of people
      Mass _____ is an atrocity that many times happens during civil war.
      incognito        
      root: cog, gno means to know
      (noun)
      disguised, unrecognizable
      I had to go to the party _____ in order to supervise my daughter and her friends.
      inducement        
      root: duc means lead
      (noun)
      motive, leading to an action, incentive
      As an _____, they offered free appetizers to anyone arriving between 9 and 10.
      interrogate        
      root: rog means to ask
      (verb)
      to question
      Customs agents have the right to _____ passengers.
      loquacious        
      root: loq means speak
      (adj.)
      talkative
      The _____guest monopolized the conversation.
      nominal        
      root: nom means name
      (adj.)
      in name only, small amount
      She expended only _____energy during the heat wave so that she wouldn't collapse.
      pathos        
      root: nom means name
      (adj.)
      in name only, small amount
      She expended only _____energy during the heat wave so that she wouldn't collapse.
      protracted        
      root: tract means draw; pull
      (adj.)
      drawn out in time, prolonged
      The union and the city could not agree on contractual terms, which led to a _____ settlement.
      rejected        
      root: ject means to throw or send
      (verb)
      sent back, refused, discarded
      She _____his offer of marriage, so he took the ring back to the jeweler.
      sophisticated        
      root: soph means wisdom
      (adj.)
      knowledgeable; refined, experienced, and aware
      The dance couple mastered the _____jazz step.
      tenacious        
      root: ten means hold
      (adj.)
      unwilling to let go, stubborn
      The _____ grip of the pit bull is what makes it so dangerous.
      verify        
      root: ver means truth
      (verb)
      to establish as truth, confirm
      Scientists have not been able to _____ the existence of UFOs.
      vivacious        
      root: viv means life
      (adj.)
      lively in manner
      The _____teen became captain of the cheerleading team.

TIP

If you are a visual learner, it might help you to rewrite this list and use a different color pen to write the root of each word, in order to highlight it visually.

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at: Learning Word Roots Practice

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