Literary Devices Practice Exercises
Read the following study guide for a concept review:
Create similes and metaphors for the following sentences.
- He has a violent temper.
- She was running around crazily.
Now that you've seen how to work through the first half of the poem, it's your turn to try.
Reread the entire poem from beginning to end and circle the letter of the correct answer.
- In the third stanza, the foe
- grows his own apple tree.
- shines the speaker's apple.
- sees the speaker's apple.
- In the fourth stanza, the foe
- sneaks into the speaker's garden at night.
- invites the speaker into his garden.
- attacks the speaker at night.
- At the end of the poem, the foe
- is waiting to kill the speaker with an apple.
- has been killed by the poisonous apple.
- has been killed by the speaker.
Remember that this poem is not a literal description of events, but a drawn-out metaphor that creates the poem's meaning. Is it a good thing that the speaker helped his anger grow into a tree? Look again at the action. What does the speaker do? He tells his friend about his anger, and it goes away. What doesn't the speaker do? He doesn't tell his enemy about his anger. What happens to his anger, then? It grows and grows and it offers fruit that tempts his enemy. And what happens to his enemy? He steals the apple, but it is the fruit of anger. It is poisonous and it kills him. Thus, the author uses the tree metaphor to show that anger kept a secret grows out of control and eventually becomes poisonous. This is the poem's theme.
- clasp = grab; crag = steep, rugged rock
You've learned about several important poetic tools, including similes, metaphors, personification, and alliteration.
Now, reread "The Eagle" carefully and actively. For each question, circle the answer you think is correct.
- Line 1 of the poem uses alliteration. Which other line uses alliteration?
- line 2
- line 3
- line 6
- Line 1 also uses personification. Which other line uses personification?
- line 2
- line 4
- line 6
- The last line of the poem reads, "And like a thunderbolt he falls." Which tool does this line use?
- The poem compares the eagle to a thunderbolt. How do you think the speaker feels about eagles?
- They are weak, shy animals.
- They are fast, powerful animals.
- They are unpredictable, wild animals.
- By the end of the poem, readers should feel a certain way about eagles. They should
- have great respect for eagles.
- be glad there aren't any eagles around.
- feel sorry for eagles.
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