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Plurals: Spelling Review Study Guide (page 4)

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Updated on Aug 25, 2011

CROSSING THE FINISH LINE

In this lesson, we studied the eight rules for turning singular nouns into plural nouns, which are:

  1. Add -s to most words to make them plural. If a word ends in -s, -x, -z, -sh, or -ch, add -es.
  2. If a word ends in a vowel + -o combination, add -s to make the plural. If a word ends in a consonant + -o combination, add–es.
  3. When a noun ends in a vowel + -y ending, add an -s to form the plural. When a noun ends in a consonant + -y ending, change the -y to an i and add -es.
  4. For most words that end in -f or -fe, change the f or -fe to a v, then add -es.
  5. When pluralizing hyphenated words, add the -s to the word that is being pluralized.
  6. Some technical words that end in -um or -on change the -um or -on to an -a when forming plurals. Some words that end in -us change the -us to an -i. Some words that end in -is change the -is to an -es. Some words that end in -ex or -ix change the -ex or -ix to -ices.
  7. The plural form of some animal names is the same as the singular form.
  8. Some words don't follow any rules.

We also learned that some words such as pants, scissors, and cattle don't have singular forms, and that other words, like buffalos/buffaloes, have two accepted plural forms.

Practice exercises for this study guide can be found at:

Plurals: Spelling Review Practice Exercises

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