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Reading Comprehension and Long Passages Practice (page 2)

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Updated on Aug 10, 2011

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  1. b.     The topic is the broad, general subject of a passage. The passage tells the reader about walnut trees, so that is its topic.
  2. d.   The main idea is more specific than the topic—it's the point or idea which the author wants to prove to the reader. Choice a is too broad; the passage is about walnut trees, not trees in general. Choices b and c are true, but they are merely part of the passage's main idea. Choice d summarizes the entire passage.
  3. a.   Something that is abrasive is rough or coarse, and cause friction when rubbed against other objects.
  4. c.   The reader can infer that the author supports planting walnut trees, since he speaks of their great value and also gives instructions on what to plant next to them. None of the other choices can be supported from the passage.
  5. a.   To exude is to exhale or to give off, the way that perfume "gives off" an odor. The walnut roots give off chemicals, exuding them out to the soil.
  6. a.   This is the best choice because each paragraph of the passage describes an inventor whose machine was a step toward the modern bicycle. There is no evidence to support choice b. Choices c and d are incorrect because they both make statements that, according to the passage, are untrue.
  7. d.   The fourth paragraph states that James Starley added a gear to the pedals.
  8. d.   The passage gives the history of the bicycle. Choice a is incorrect because few opinions are included in the passage. There is no support for choices b and c.
  9. b.     This information is clearly stated in the second paragraph. The iron rims kept the tires from getting worn down, and, therefore, the tires lasted longer. Choice a is incorrect because although the iron rims probably did make the machine heavier, that was not Macmillan's goal. Choice c is incorrect because no information is given about whether iron-rimmed or wooden tires moved more smoothly. There is no support for choice d.
  10. b.     Based on the paragraph, this is the only possible choice. Starley revolutionized the bicycle; that is, he made many innovative changes. Based on the context, the other choices make no sense.
  11. a.   This is the only choice that states an opinion. The writer cannot be certain that the safety bicycle would look familiar to today's cyclists; it is his or her opinion that this is so. The other choices are presented as facts.
  12. d.   The first two sentences of the passage indicate that a backdraft is dangerous because it is an explosion. The other choices are dangers, but they do not define a backdraft.
  13. b.     The second paragraph indicates that there is little or no visible flame with a potential backdraft. The other choices are listed at the end of the second paragraph as warning signs of a potential backdraft.
  14. c.   This is stated in the last paragraph. Choice a is not mentioned in the passage. The other choices would be useless or harmful.
  15. a.   The passage indicates that hot, smoldering fires have little or no visible flame and insufficient oxygen. It can reasonably be inferred, then, that more oxygen would produce more visible flames.
  16. d.   This is stated in the last paragraph (… first aid measures should be directed at quickly cooling the body). The other responses are first aid for heat exhaustion victims.
  17. b.     This is stated in the first sentence of the second paragraph. Choices a and c are symptoms of heat stroke. Choice d is not mentioned.
  18. a.   Heat stroke victims have a blocked sweating mechanism, as stated in the third paragraph.
  19. b.   This information is given in the second paragraph: If the victim still suffers from the symptoms listed in the first sentence of the paragraph, the victim needs more water and salt to help with the inadequate intake of water and the loss of fluids that caused those symptoms.

 

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