Making Inferences Practice Exercises (page 3)

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Updated on Sep 29, 2011

Practice 3: Toadstool or Mushroom? 

Read the selection, and then answer the questions that follow.

(1) All toadstools are mushrooms, but not all mushrooms are toadstools! That's because toadstools are mushrooms that are either poisonous or have a bad taste. There are more than 2,000 mushroom species, and there's no simple test to tell the poisonous ones from those safe to eat! You just have to learn to recognize which is which.
(2) Most toadstools aren't deadly if eaten, but they're likely to make you very sick. For example, the Jack-o'-Lantern toadstool, whose bright orange cap glows in the dark, might give you an upset stomach or diarrhea. But some toadstools have deadly poison, and no amount of cooking can get rid of it. They damage the liver and kidneys, and unless the eater gets immediate treatment, he or she will die. That's why experts warn, never eat a mushroom you find growing anywhere unless you know it's the safe kind.
(3) Some of the loveliest toadstools are deadly. For example, the fly agaric has a bright yellow, orange, or red cap with white bumps on top. Some people cut up this deadly beauty, sprinkle it with sugar, and tempt pesky flies to drop in for a meal. If they do, they get the specialty of the house: instant death!
11. Which can you infer about mushrooms?
a. They are all poisonous.
b. They grow on soil.
c. They are all yellow.
d. They are all toadstools.
12. After reading the article, what can you infer about blue mushrooms?
a. They are extremely poisonous.
b. They are always safe to eat.
c. They will upset your stomach.
d. I don't have enough information to infer anything.
13. Which can you infer about mushrooms?
a. They are very expensive.
b. They are all flat.
c. People cook them.
d. They only grow under the ocean.


1. c
2. b
3. d
4. a
5. d
6. b
7. a
8. b
9. a
10. c
11. b
12. d
13. c
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