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Capitalization and Punctuation Practice Exercises (page 3)

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Updated on Sep 28, 2011

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Set 1

  1. a. The first word of a sentence is always capitalized.
  2. b. Nationalities and languages require capitals.
  3. a. Jr. is a kind of title and therefore takes a capital.
  4. b. The first letter of a direct quotation takes a capital.
  5. e. Capitalization is correct.
  6. a. All words in the proper name of a place require capitals.
  7. b. Proper names require capitals.
  8. c. Movie titles are capitalized.

Set 2

  1. d. There should be quotation marks before the word Coach to set off the dialogue.
  2. d. Commas set off nonrestrictive appositives, phrases that say the same thing as the previous phrase, in different words. (A comma should be placed after Patricia.)
  3. a. A colon can go before a list. (Place a colon after the word flowers.)
  4. c. Quotations that are questions need a question mark inside the quotation marks.
  5. c. A dash can be used to set off a parenthetical element, for emphasis. (Place another dash after the word senior.)
  6. a. The possessive Kim's requires an apostrophe.
  7. e. This sentence is punctuated correctly.
  8. b. Commas set off parenthetical elements and always go inside the quotation marks in a line of dialogue. (Place a comma after the word remember.)
  9. d. Commas set off a word or phrase that describes the subject but does not alter the meaning of the entire sentence. (Place a comma after the word Larkin.)
  10. c. A semicolon can be used to separate two main clauses, which could each stand alone as complete sentences. (Place the semicolon after the word treadmill.)

Set 3

  1. b. The comma separates the main clause from the long, descriptive subordinate clause.
  2. d. The semicolon can be used to separate two main clauses, which could each stand alone as complete sentences.
  3. a. The quotation is a question, and the tag asked Timothy ends the sentence.
  4. e. The sentence is punctuated correctly.
  5. b. The word student's is possessive and needs an apostrophe.
  6. e. The sentence does not require any punctuation other than the period at the end.
  7. c. This is a declarative sentence; it asks an indirect question, so a question mark should not be used. Also, the comma is unnecessary.
  8. e. The sentence is punctuated correctly.
  9. a. The phrase as captain of the team is a nonessential element in the sentence and needs to be set off with commas.
  10. d. Commas separate dates and locations.

Set 4

  1. a. Winter should not be capitalized.
  2. c. There should not be an apostrophe after the word girls.
  3. a. The comma is unnecessary and should be deleted.
  4. b. Mayor should be capitalized because it refers to a particular mayor.
  5. c. South Dakota is a proper noun, and both words should be capitalized.
  6. a. This is a declarative sentence; the question mark should be replaced with a period.
  7. b. The sentence is a question, so it should end with a question mark.
  8. a. The word state is not being used as a proper noun, so it should not be capitalized.
  9. b. Lets is being used as a contraction for "let us," so it needs an apostrophe—Let's.
  10. a. The words seeing Betty form a dependent clause and need commas before and after: Bill, seeing Betty, walked the other way.
  11. c. The commas are missing from this series of adjectives.
  12. b. The quotation mark should appear on the outside of the exclamation point: "Don't run!"
  13. c. Polio and smallpox should not be capitalized. Diseases are not capitalized unless a proper noun is part of the name.
  14. a. Ocean should be capitalized.
  15. c. To set off the dialogue, there should be quotation marks before the word I'll.
  16. c. Mayor should not be capitalized because it does not refer to a particular mayor.
  17. b. A semicolon is not used between a dependent and an independent clause. Use a comma.
  18. b. Veterinarian is not a proper noun and should not be capitalized.
  19. c. The word Why, which begins the quotation, should be capitalized.
  20. b. World War is a proper noun and should be capitalized.
  21. a. The phrase like many other viruses should be set off by commas because it is a nonessential element in the sentence.
  22. a. Industrial Revolution should be capitalized.
  23. a. The commas in this sentence should be deleted. Commas are not used in a series when the series is already linked by conjunctions.
  24. a. The names of centuries are not capitalized.
  25. c. This sentence asks a question and should end with a question mark.

Set 5

  1. c. The second half of the sentence is a dependent clause—it cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence—so it is preceded by a comma.
  2. e. A quoted question ends with a question mark.
  3. a. This sentence contains two independent clauses, which are separated by a semicolon. Note that it could be split into two compete sentences.
  4. b. This sentence also contains two independent clauses. It could be split into two separate sentences, or a semicolon might be used. But the second half explains or defines the first half, so a dash can also be used.
  5. c. Titles require capitals.
  6. d. First word of salutations, titles, and proper names all take capitals; a colon follows the salutation in a business letter.
  7. d. Commas set off parenthetical elements.
  8. a. A comma goes before and when and links two main clauses.
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