Motivation and Emotion Review Questions for AP Psychology

By — McGraw-Hill Professional
Updated on Mar 4, 2011

The study guides for these review questions can be found at:

Directions: For each question, choose the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


  1. Imprinting is
    1. the adaptive response of an infant when its mother leaves a room
    2. a maladaptive response of anxiety by an infant when abandoned by its mother
    3. a period shortly after birth when a newborn reacts to salty, sweet, or bitter stimuli
    4. a period shortly after birth when an adult forms a bond with his or her newborn
    5. the tendency of some baby animals to form an attachment to the first moving object they see or hear during a critical period after birth
  2. Which of the following topics would a sociobiologist be most interested in studying?
    1. whether or not ape communication can be defined as language
    2. whether pigeons are capable of cognitive learning
    3. altruistic acts that ensure the survival of the next generation
    4. aggressive behavior in stickleback fish related to sign stimuli
    5. stress and its relationship to heart attacks
  3. When asked why he wants to become a doctor, Tom says, "Because I've always liked biology and being a doctor will allow me to make a good salary to take care of a family." His answer is most consistent with which of the following theories of motivation?
    1. drive reduction
    2. incentive
    3. hierarchy of needs
    4. arousal
    5. instinct
  4. According to the Yerkes-Dodson model, when facing a very difficult challenge, which level of arousal would probably lead to the best outcome?
    1. a very low level
    2. a moderately low level
    3. a moderate level
    4. a moderately high level
    5. a very high level
  5. The James-Lange theory of emotion states that
    1. emotional awareness precedes our physiological response to a stressful event
    2. emotional expression follows awareness of our physiological response to an arousing event
    3. an arousing event simultaneously triggers both a cognitive awareness and a physiological response
    4. the level of fear we first feel when we ride a roller coaster is reduced each time we experience the same event until thrill replaces it
    5. when we are unaware of why we are feeling arousal, we take our cue from the environment
  6. Which of the following factors stimulate us to eat?
    1. stomach contractions, high levels of glucagon, and stimulation of the VMH
    2. high levels of cholecystokinin, high levels of insulin, and stimulation of the VMH
    3. lack of cholecystokinin, high levels of glucagon, and stimulation of the LH
    4. lack of cholecystokinin, high levels of insulin, and stimulation of the LH
    5. low blood sugar, stomach contractions, and stimulation of the VMH
  7. Homeostasis refers to
    1. arousal of the sympathetic nervous system
    2. a tendency for individuals to behave consistently when highly motivated
    3. a need state resulting from the physiological experience of hunger or thirst
    4. the body's tendency to maintain a balanced internal state
    5. the second stage of Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome
  8. During junior high, the typical student is preoccupied with making friends. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of the following needs is he/she satisfying?
    1. fundamental needs
    2. safety needs
    3. love and belonging needs
    4. esteem needs
    5. self-actualization
  9. Adit really likes the appearance of the Chevy Blazer his friend is selling, but knows he should be more conservative with his money. What type of conflict situation is he facing?
    1. approach-approach
    2. approach-avoidance
    3. avoidance–avoidance
    4. multiple approach–avoidance
    5. no conflict because he either buys it or he doesn't
  10. The number one tennis player on last year's squad does not find her name on the list of students who made this year's team. Which stage of Selye's general adaptation syndrome is she most likely experiencing?
    1. alarm
    2. resistance
    3. denial
    4. competence
    5. exhaustion
  11. Which of the following characteristics of the Type A personality is most positively correlated with having a heart attack?
    1. competitive
    2. eating quickly
    3. impatient
    4. ambitious
    5. hostile
  12. Terrence's parents were excited by his recent interest in reading science fiction novels. They bought him toy science fiction characters and praised him for reading the books. When they stopped giving him praise and toys, they were dismayed that he quit reading. Terrence's behavior best illustrates
    1. the overjustification effect
    2. overlearning
    3. internal locus of control
    4. the self-fulfilling prophecy
    5. drive reduction theory
  13. Which of the following most accurately reflects our current understanding of basic facial expressions?
    1. Facial expressions are universally recognized and displayed by all cultures.
    2. Anger is easily interpreted as a facial expression by most cultures and displayed by all in similar situations.
    3. Facial expressions are universally recognized, but highly variable in how they are displayed.
    4. (D)Cultures vary in their interpretation and display of the six most common facial expressions.
    5. Facial expressions are learned through modeling of basic facial expressions by parents.
  14. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormones (LH) are most closely associated with which of the following motivated behaviors?
    1. hunger
    2. thirst
    3. sex
    4. anxiety
    5. happiness
  15. Selection of moderately challenging tasks characterizes the behavior of people who have a
    1. fear of failing
    2. high need for achievement
    3. fear of success
    4. low need for achievement
    5. inferiority complex
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