Nouns and Verbs Help
You know nouns as words that stand for people, places, or things. People and places are easy enough to recognize: Philip, Marcel, Pittsburgh, the Rosebowl, Radio City Music Hall—and we could go on forever. Things are easy, too: table, pens, candy, and TV are just a few. More difficult to recognize are the words we call abstract nouns. These are ideas or qualities such as honor, love, loyalty, and determination. A good rule of thumb for recognizing a noun is this: If you can put a, an, or the in front of the word and it still makes sense, it's a noun.
Nouns Practice and Answers
Circle all the nouns in the following sentences.
- Psychologists now believe that people who get what they want are not necessarily as happy as they thought they would be.
- Dr. Daniel Gilbert, a Harvard psychologist, thinks that in the future we'll wonder why we made today's choices.
- We may make perfectly good choices for ourselves today, but we don't know who we'll be in the future.
- Credit cards are a great convenience until we overspend!
- Check your credit at least once a year.
- A lawyer testified on that case.
- A renowned designer of glass is Dale Chihuly.
- Carpet covered the entire space.
- Environmentalists in our area planted clams in local ponds and had great success.
- Lawmakers held hearings on the growing deficit.
1. Psychologists, people 2. Dr. Daniel Gilbert, psychologist, future, choices 3. choices, today, future 4. cards, convenience 5. credit, year 6. lawyer, case 7. designer, glass, Chihuly 8. carpet, space 9. environmentalists, area, clams, ponds, success 10. lawmakers, hearings, deficit
Sentences are complete only if they contain both a subject and a verb. The verb is part of the backbone of any sentence, joining the noun or subject as one of two absolutely necessary elements of a complete sentence. The verb lives in what grammarians call the predicate, which contains the verb plus all the words that relate specifically to it. The verb gives the subject its action or expresses its state of being.
The doctor suggested that I take much more calcium.
The doctor is a believer in vitamin therapy.
In the first sentence, the subject is doctor and the verb or action is suggested. In the second sentence there is no action verb; rather, there is the linking or being verb is. Many prefer to call is a linking verb because that is what it does—it links a word in the predicate to the subject. In this case, it links believer to doctor. Later in this section, you will learn much more about linking or being verbs.
Verbs Practice and Answers
Circle all the verbs—both action and linking—in each of the following sentences.
- Time flies.
- The newly cleaned mirrors glitter and gleam.
- My house is cold in the winter.
- The child felt sad.
- I am the president of our social club.
- The company's eight stores closed in 2008.
- My bank will merge with a larger one.
- Bluefish and bass are abundant in Long Island Sound.
- September 11, 2001, is a date seared in most memories.
- A man, arrested for drunk driving, produced his identification.
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