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Writing Organizing Principles Practice Exercises

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Updated on Apr 25, 2014

Read the following study guide for a concept review:

Writing Organizing Principles Study Guide

Exercise 1

Question

Here is a paragraph with all the transitional words and phrases removed. Read it carefully. Then, choose from the list of transitions that follows to fill in the blanks and create a smooth, readable paragraph.

It was just one of those days. __________, I woke up half an hour late. __________, __________ rushing to get ready, I realized that the shirt I was wearing had a big stain on it. __________ I quickly changed, grabbed a granola bar and banana for breakfast, and raced out the door. __________, I was standing at the bus stop wondering where my bus could be. __________ I remembered that I was supposed to set my clock back an hour for the end of daylight savings time. __________ I realized I wasn't late—I was a whole hour early!

  • a few minutes later
  • after
  • first
  • so
  • suddenly
  • that's when
  • then

Exercise 2

A jam recipe includes instructions for sterilizing the jam jars. These steps are listed below in random order. Place them in the proper order by numbering them from 1 through 7. Use the carryover clues that link the events together to find the correct sequence. (The first step has been identified to get you started.)

Boil gently and uncovered for 15 minutes.

Place washed jars in a pan with a rack and cover with hot water.

Wash inspected jars in hot, soapy water.

Let jars stand in the hot water until 5 minutes before you are ready to fill with jam.

Examine the tops and edges of jars and discard any with chips or cracks, because they will prevent an airtight seal.

Remove pan from heat but keep jars in the hot water. Cover.

Heat water in pan to boiling.

Exercise 3

Here is a passage about safety on the Internet. Read it carefully and actively. Then answer the questions that follow.

Net Safety

Though it may seem like cyberspace is a pretty safe place, in reality, the Internet poses some very real dangers for teens. To be safe when you're online, follow these guidelines. First and foremost, protect your privacy. Never give your real last name, address, or telephone number to anyone. Second, never agree to meet with someone you've talked with on the Internet without asking permission from your parents first. Third, remember that people are not always what they seem. Someone who is very nice to you online could turn out to be someone eager to hurt you in person. Finally, trust your instincts. If someone uses bad language or mentions things that make you uncomfortable, don't respond; log off instead. If you come across a site where the content makes you uncomfortable, exit it as quickly as possible.

Questions

  1. According to this passage, what's the most important thing you can do to be safe on the Internet?
  2. What is the second most important thing?
  3. What is the third most important thing?
  4. What is the fourth most important thing?

Answers

Exercise 1

Here's the paragraph with the transitions in place. Your answers may vary slightly:

It was just one of those days. First, I woke up half an hour late. Then, after rushing to get ready, I realized that the shirt I was wearing had a big stain on it. So I quickly changed, grabbed a granola bar and banana for breakfast, and raced out the door. A few minutes later, I was standing at the bus stop wondering where my bus could be. Suddenly I remembered that I was supposed to set my clock back an hour for the end of daylight savings time. That's when I realized I wasn't late—I was a whole hour early!

Exercise 2

The correct order is as follows. The sequencing clues are underlined.

  1. Examine the tops and edges of jars and discard any with chips or cracks, because they will prevent an airtight seal.
  2. Wash inspected jars in hot, soapy water.
  3. Place washed jars in a pan with a rack and cover with hot water.
  4. Heat water in pan to boiling.
  5. Boil gently and uncovered for 15 minutes.
  6. Remove pan from heat but keep jars in the hot water. Cover.
  7. Let jars stand in the hot water until 5 minutes before you are ready to fill with jam.

Exercise 3

  1. Protect your privacy: Don't give out your name, address, or phone number.
  2. Never agree to meet someone you met online without your parents' permission.
  3. Remember that people are not always what they seem.
  4. Trust your instincts.

Notice that this passage uses the first, second, third transitions we saw in the last lesson on chronological order. Here, however, these transitions don't indicate a sequence of doing things; rather, they indicate the rank of these safety suggestions.

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