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Paragraph Development Practice Exercises 2 (page 2)

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Updated on Sep 28, 2011

Practice Set 2

Answer questions 15–17 on the basis of the following paragraph.

    (1) Greyhound racing is the sixth most popular spectator sport in the United States. (2) Over the last decade, a growing number of racers have been adopted to live out retirement as household pets, once there racing career is over.

    (3) Many people hesitate to adopt a retired racing greyhound because they think only very old dogs are available. (4) People also worry that the greyhound will be more nervous and active than other breeds and will need a large space to run. (5) _____. (6) In fact, racing greyhounds are put up for adoption at a young age; even champion racers, who have the longest careers, only work until they are about three-and-a-half years old. (7) Since greyhounds usually live to be 12–15 years old, their retirement is much longer than their racing careers. (8) Far from being nervous dogs, greyhounds have naturally sweet, mild dispositions, and, while they love to run, they are sprinters rather than distance runners and are sufficiently exercised with a few laps around a fenced-in backyard everyday.

    (9) Greyhounds do not make good watchdogs, but they are very good with children, get along well with other dogs (and usually cats as well), and are very affectionate and loyal. (10) A retired racing greyhound is a wonderful pet for almost anyone.

  1. Which sentence, if inserted in the blank space labeled Part 5, would best help to focus the writer's argument in the second paragraph?
    1. Even so, greyhounds are placid dogs.
    2. These worries are based on false impressions and are easily dispelled.
    3. Retired greyhounds do not need race tracks to keep in shape.
    4. However, retired greyhounds are too old to need much exercise.
  2. Which of the following changes is needed in the first paragraph?
    1. Part 1: Change growing to increasing.
    2. Part 2: Change there to their.
    3. Part 1: Change is to was.
    4. Part 2: Change have been adopted to have adopted.
  3. Which of the following sentences, if added between Parts 9 and 10 of the third paragraph, would be most consistent with the writer's purpose, tone, and intended audience?
    1. Former racing dogs make up approximately 0.36% of all dogs owned as domestic pets in the United States.
    2. Despite the fact that greyhounds make excellent domestic pets, there is still a large number of former racers who have not been adopted.
    3. Good-natured and tolerant dogs, greyhounds speedily settle into any household, large or small; they are equally at ease in an apartment or a private home.
    4. It is imperative that people overcome the common myths they harbor about greyhounds that are preventing them from adopting these gentle dogs.

Answer questions 18–20 on the basis of the following paragraph.

    (1) Following an overwhelmingly enthusiastic response, the school administration has decided to expand the Community Mural Painting Program—now a part of two high school curriculums—to the middle school level. (2) The program was piloted in the school district last year and it was a successful initiative for students and for the community.

    (3) Money to fund the program came from a national grant designed to promote community involvement as well as art appreciation among teenagers. (4) A committee that consists of art teachers, social studies teachers, and school social workers oversees the program.

    (5) Studies have shown that young people who have been exposed to similar programs are much less prone to apathy. (6) The same studies state that these programs promote a sense of purpose that serves young people well both inside and outside the academic setting. (7) When the students were interviewed by the program committee. (8) In addition, the community attitude toward teenagers is improved also.

    (9) It is projected that this year more than 150 students will be involved and that more than 20 murals will be painted.

  1. Which sentence in the third paragraph is a nonstandard sentence?
    1. Part 5
    2. Part 6
    3. Part 7
    4. Part 8
  2. Which of the following changes should be made to Part 8 of the passage?
    1. Remove the word also.
    2. Change community to communities.
    3. Change teenagers to teenagers'.
    4. Change toward to according to.
  3. Which of the following sentences, if inserted after Part 2 of the passage, would best develop the ideas in the first paragraph?
    1. The program could benefit other districts as well.
    2. One particularly beautiful mural was painted on a playground wall on the east side of town.
    3. Fifty high school students were involved and they spent five weeks painting ten murals throughout the community in locations that were in great need of some attention.
    4. The school district is interested in trying other pilot programs in addition to the Mural Painting Program.

Answer questions 21 and 22 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) Yesterday I was exposed to what was called, in a recent newspaper ad for Dilly's Deli, "a dining experience like no other." (2) I decided on the hamburger steak special, the other specials were liver and onions and tuna casserole. (3) Each special is offered with two side dishes, but there was no potato salad left, and the green beans were cooked nearly beyond recognition. (4) I chose the gelatin of the day and what turned out to be the blandest coleslaw I have ever eaten.

    (5) At Dilly's you sit at one of the four long tables. (6) The couple sitting across from me was having an argument. (7) The truck driver sitting next to me told me more than I wanted to know about highway taxes. (8) After tasting each of the dishes on my plate, it was time to leave; at that moment, one of the people working behind the counter yelled at me to clean up after myself. (9) Throwing away that plate of food was the most enjoyable part of dining at Dilly's.

  1. Which of the following changes should be made to Part 2 of the first paragraph?
    1. Replace were with are.
    2. Replace the comma with a dash.
    3. Replace I decided with Deciding.
    4. Replace the comma with a semicolon.
  2. Which of the following words or phrases should replace the underlined words in Part 8 of the second paragraph?
    1. Having tasted
    2. After I tasted
    3. Tasting
    4. After having tasted

Practice Set 3

Answer questions 23–25 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) Although eating right is an important part of good health, most experts agree that being physically active is also a key element in living a longer and healthier life. (2) The benefits of physical activity include improved self-esteem, a lowered risk of heart disease and colon cancer, stronger bones, muscles, and joints, and enhanced flexibility. (3) Physical activity, in addition to its many other rewards will also help manage weight gain.

    (4) One of the simplest and most effective ways to increase physical activity are walking; walking requires no special equipment, no particular location, and it can be easily incorporated into even the busiest lives. (5) Add ten minutes or ten blocks to your usual dog-walking routine. (6) Park several blocks away from your destination and walk briskly the rest of the way. (7) Walk up or down the soccer or softball field while watching your kids play. (8) Find a walking buddy who will take a long walk with you once or twice a week. (9) You'll be less likely to skip the walk, if someone is counting on you to be there.

    (10) _______________. (11) Before long, it will become a normal part of your daily routine and you'll hardly notice the extra effort. (12) In addition, the increased energy and overall sense of well-being you'll experience will inspire you to walk even more.

  1. Which of the following revisions is necessary in Part 4 of the above passage?
    1. One of the simplest and most effective ways to increase physical activity are walking; walking requires no special equipment, no particular location and it can be easily incorporated into even the busiest lives.
    2. One of the simplest and most effective ways to increase physical activity is walking; walking requires no special equipment, no particular location, and it can be easily incorporated into even the busiest lives.
    3. One of the simplest and most effective ways to enhance physical activity are walking; walking requires no special equipment, no particular location, and it can be easily incorporated into even the busiest lives.
    4. One of the simplest and most effective ways to increase physical activity are walking; only walking requires no special equipment, no particular location, and it can be easily incorporated into even the busiest lives.
  2. Which of the following sentences, if inserted in the blank line numbered Part 10, would be most consistent with the development and grammar of the paragraph?
    1. People will benefit from putting on their walking shoes and pounding the pavement.
    2. So jog, bicycle, and walk as much as you can.
    3. While people will benefit from increased physical activity, it cannot replace the necessity of eating right.
    4. So put on your walking shoes and start pounding the pavement.
  3. Which of the following changes is needed in the passage?
    1. Part 3: Insert comma after rewards.
    2. Part 1: Replace most with more.
    3. Part 5: Insert a comma after minutes.
    4. Part 2: Insert a colon after activity.

Answer questions 26 and 27 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) Police officers must read suspects their Miranda rights upon taking them into custody. (2) When a suspect who is merely being questioned incriminates himself, he might later claim to have been in custody and seek to have the case dismissed on the grounds of not having been appraised of his Miranda rights. (3) In such cases, a judge must make a determination as to whether or not a reasonable person would have believed himself to have been in custody, based on certain criteria. (4) Officers must be aware of these criteria and take care not to give suspects grounds for later claiming they believed themselves to be in custody. (5) The judge must ascertain whether the suspect was questioned in a threatening manner (threatening could mean that the suspect was seated while both officers remained standing) and whether the suspect was aware that he or she was free to leave at any time.

  1. Which of the underlined words in the paragraph should be replaced by a more appropriate, accurate word?
    1. incriminates
    2. appraised
    3. criteria
    4. ascertain
  2. Which of the following changes would make the sequence of ideas in the paragraph clearer?
    1. Place Part 5 after Part 1.
    2. Reverse Parts 3 and 5.
    3. Reverse the order of Parts 4 and 5.
    4. Delete Part 2.

Answer questions 28 and 29 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) Snowboarding, often described as a snow sport that combines skateboarding and surfing, is an increasingly common winter sport throughout the world. (2) Snowboarding involves strapping a board to one's feet and sliding down snow-covered mountains. (3) In addition to the snowboard, a snowboarder's equipment consists of special boots that attach to the board.

    (4) Some find snowboarding more difficult to learn than skiing however, others consider it easier, requiring the mastery of one board as opposed to two skis and two poles. (5) All agree though, that once the sport is mastered, it is exciting, stimulating, and fun. (6) Those who excel in the sport may even find himself bound for the Olympics since snowboarding became medal-eligible in 1998.

  1. Which of the following parts of the passage is a nonstandard sentence?
    1. Part 1
    2. Part 3
    3. Part 4
    4. Part 6
  2. Which of the following changes is needed in the passage?
    1. Part 1: Change combines to combine.
    2. Part 2: Change snow-covered to snow covered.
    3. Part 5: Change agree to agreed.
    4. Part 6: Change himself to themselves.

Answer questions 30 and 31 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States, and many Americans consider him to have been the greatest leader that the nation has yet produced. (2) He led the Nation through its most dangerous and tumultuous period, when the country was divided in two by the Civil War. (3) He also ended slavery in the United States, which no other leader had been able to accomplish.

    (4) Lincoln was also a great orator, and gave many great speeches during his time in office. (5) Those speeches served to strengthen his position as a leader by motivating the American people to hold the nation together. (6) Lincoln is also honored on U.S. currency.

    (7) Perhaps the most convincing proof of his greatness is the fact that Lincoln accomplished all this in only one term as president. (8) Abe Lincoln was assassinated shortly after being elected to his second term; one wonders what he might have accomplished had his life not been cut short.

  1. Which of the following numbered parts is least relevant to the main idea of these paragraphs?
    1. Part 1
    2. Part 6
    3. Part 7
    4. Part 8
  2. Which of the following changes is needed in the passage?
    1. Part 1: Place a comma after Lincoln.
    2. Part 3: Remove the comma after States.
    3. Part 2: Use a lowercase n for the word Nation.
    4. Part 4: Capitalize orator.

Answer questions 32–33 on the basis of the following passage.

    (1) There are two types of diabetes, insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent. (2) Between 90 and 95% of the estimated 13 to 14 million people in the United States with diabetes have non-insulin-dependent, or Type II, diabetes. (3) Because this form of diabetes originally appeared in adults over the age of 40 and was most common after the age of 55, it used to be called adult-onset diabetes. This name is no longer appropriate, however, as an increasing number of young people—children included—are being diagnosed with the non-insulin-dependent form. (4) Nearly half of all people with diabetes do not know they have it, _____ its symptoms often develop gradually and are hard to identify at first. (5) _____ , someone who has developed Type II diabetes may feel more tired or ill without knowing why. (6) This can be particularly dangerous because untreated diabetes can cause damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. (7) While the causes, short-term effects, and treatments of the two types of diabetes differ, both types can cause the same long-term health problems.

  1. Which of the following parts of the paragraph contains a nonstandard comparison?
    1. Part 7
    2. Part 5
    3. Part 3
    4. Part 2
  2. Which sequence of words, if inserted in order into the blanks in the paragraph, help the reader understand the sequence and logic of the writer's ideas?
    1. since … For example
    2. while … Next
    3. moreover … Eventually
    4. because … Thus
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